Journey towards new Government!

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By Oken Jeet Sandham We have now four days to go to the crucial poll of the 12th Nagaland Assembly elections on February 23. The state is witnessing this assembly election at a time when the Center keeps talking that … Continue reading

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By Oken Jeet Sandham

We have now four days to go to the crucial poll of the 12th Nagaland Assembly elections on February 23. The state is witnessing this assembly election at a time when the Center keeps talking that solution to the Naga political issue is not very far off. However, the Naga political issue seems to be having no major impact on the electorates this time. Perhaps, the people of the state could hardly be convinced to give their votes under the whims and fancies of the settlement of the Naga political issue. They seem to be more concerned for the development of the state.

The main fight is between the ruling NPF and the main Opposition Congress. There are other candidates of NCP, BJP, JD (U), RJD and UNDP, besides large number of Independent candidates, in the electoral fray. All the political parties keep talking to bring early settlement to the Naga political issue while the ruling NPF squarely blame the Congress-led UPA Government at the Center for delaying the settlement to the Naga political issue.

The main Opposition Congress, while promising to bring early settlement to the Naga political issue, rained charges of corruption against the ruling NPF leaders, their Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries, etc. They also attacked the ruling NPF for neglecting the ENPO areas.

Veteran Congress leader and former Nagaland Chief Minister and ex-Governor of Maharashtra and Goa Dr SC Jamir, who did not contest this election, assured a separate Secretariat for the ENPO area if the Congress is voted to power. However, NPF chief Dr Shurhozelie, who also did not contest this time, termed it as “gimmick” only to confuse the people in the area.

In spite of all these charges and counter charges, claims and counter claims by the contesting political parties and their candidates, the reality is half of the present Ministers in the DAN Ministry along with many of their MLAs are not likely to be seen in the next Assembly. At the same time, some new faces in
the NPF are likely to emerge victorious this time.

In the Congress, one-third of the sitting MLAs who are fighting this election may bite the dust but their overall tally may be seen 30% increasing this time than last 2008 result but they will be short of majority.

Till the other day, NPF was doing fairly-slightly ahead of the main rival Congress. But the couple of incidents involving their two candidates including one high profile candidate have largely affected the party image and position as well. But the affect appears to be confining in the Mokokchung district only and its ripple effects in other districts are not seen at the moment. This has given the Congress the edge over others in the Mokokchung district.

In the final analysis, fluctuations on the positions of the candidates are taking place on hourly basis. We have 60 constituencies in the state and as writing this piece, there are 29 constituencies elsewhere in the State where candidates are fighting neck to neck and in these places, their fortunes are unpredictable. Whereas in districts like Dimapur, Kohima, Mokokchung and Wokha, things are almost clear which party is emerging where and how. But in places like Phek, Zunheboto, Mon, Longlen, Tuensang and Kiphire, where many candidates are seen fighting neck to neck and in fact, both the NPF and the Congress crucially depend on candidates of these areas for their journey to the formation of the next Government in the state.

In this election, record 39 Independents are fighting in 32 constituencies in the fray. Out of these 39 Independents, 9 Independents are fighting in 9 constituencies of ENPO areas. One-sixth of the total Independents may emerge and they will become very important factor in the event of formation of the Government either by the NPF or the Congress. But even in this situation, either of them (NPF or Congress) may still require the support of party like NCP which is having no pre-poll alliance either with the NPF or the Congress. The BJP and the JD (U) are already in pre-poll alliance with the NPF-led DAN.

Although the NCP has set up 15 candidates, one-fifth of the total candidates may emerge and they may ultimately become a “deciding factor” for the final formation of the Government in the state either by NPF or the Congress.

Getting support of one MLA matters especially during such a situation. It is all about number game in the journey of the Government formation.

The Bottom line:
We should not forget “Clean Election Campaign” of the NBCC. Although we hardly see any impact of this novel movement on the electorates or political parties or contesting candidates, but a beginning has started. It has now become a “history.”

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Discrimination: How should we deal with it?

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Discrimination: How should we deal with it? By Desperate Dreamer Discrimination. This phenomenon has for long been the talking point for people who have opportunistic interests in fanning the emotional alienation of the North-East from the so-called mainland India. They … Continue reading

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Discrimination: How should we deal with it?
By Desperate Dreamer

Discrimination. This phenomenon has for long been the talking point for people who have opportunistic interests in fanning the emotional alienation of the North-East from the so-called mainland India. They talk as if discrimination were some kind of a strange treatment meted out by the mainland Indians to the ¡§fringe¡¨ Indians in the North-East. The truth however is this: discrimination is ingrained in human psychology. Discrimination is universal.

social-media-discrimination

social-media-discrimination

Let us look around ourselves. Worldwide, the Caucasians consider themselves and are mostly considered to be the superior race. Indians are often called ¡§dirty Indians¡¨. In India, there is always a North-South divide in psychological supremacy. The Bengalis are revered for their intelligence. Marwaris, Punjabis and Tamils are respected for their entrepreneurship. In the same vein, these communities find reasons to look down upon each other. In the North-East, the Assamese consider themselves the superior community. In Manipur, the Imphalites look down upon the Lawai machas (Villagers), and the Meiteis look down upon the tribal minorities. Among the tribes too, the bigger tribes have a condescending attitude towards the smaller ones. Does it mean we should have one million countries in the world? That too, just for the heck of escaping discrimination?

Let us discuss some issues people have raised time and again.

(1) National Newspapers are not carrying enough Manipur-related news. Here we should know that all news houses commercial enterprises. The commercial purposes are best served when the customers and potential customers are targeted. So, Delhi edition of Times of India has more news related to Delhi. This happens everywhere and with every newspaper. The Telegraph has extensive news about the North-East with substantial proportion being devoted to Assam!! They cannot be expected to be more interested in our affairs, more so because we have not done anything worth noticing except violence, violence and violence.

(2) Mainland Indians are ignorant about Manipur/Manipuris. But, let me remind you, we learnt whatever we know about other places of India because they were either important places of mineral resources or places associated with industries or places with major shares in specific crop production, or because they were places of major historic importance in terms of the Freedom struggle… Now, do you think Manipur deserves more mention in any of the above contexts? No!!! And, how much do we know about the Marathas, Punjabis, Bengalis or Telugus? Moreover, all South Indians are still Madrassis for many.

(3) The Central Government is not doing anything for us. Why should they be bothered? We, the Manipuris, are not doing anything to help ourselves. The terrorists are not going to come to the talks table for the obvious reason that they would never give up their hugely profitable armed enterprises. We, the common people, are least bothered by our problems and we look quite okay with whatever is going on. Instead of thinking for the fate of the whole community and of the future generations, we keep trying to reap individual mileage by collaborating with the terrorist organizations in some way or the other. We keep suffering silently and keep trying in vain to buy each day of our individual lives. We seem to have no time to think for the people at large. There’s no competent leader from Manipur who can talk about our problems audibly. How are they supposed to know our problems? We are in a democracy where the loudest voice always has the maximum chance of being heard. India is not a small country either. The Central leaders have enough headaches and problems to occupy their minds and time. How do we expect them to understand our problems? Their attitude is: “Let these stupid people kill each other and finish themselves. They are not ready to solve their own problems. Why should we take the trouble of trying to get them to understand the importance of solving their own problems for their own sake? We have enough worries.” To a discerning human mind, these Central leaders are right in every way. Nonetheless, it is a false propaganda by the vested interest that the Union Government does not give enough funding to Manipur. There was an analysis in the Telegraph some years ago about comparative funding to the North-Eastern states and to other mainland states. The only problem is that whatever funding the Centre hands out goes on to line the pockets of politicians and terrorists¡Xthe biggest pests in the society. In the North-East, every other state is better than Manipur in terms of development. Why? On the hindsight, why should we keep begging?

(4) ¡§Mary Kom vs. Saina Nehwal¡¨ Debate Mary Kom just about manages a highly accented Manipuri and fumbles around in the darkness when it comes to talking in Hindi or English. Saina Nehwal speaks both English and Hindi fluently and conducts herself smartly and intelligently. And, Saina Nehwal¡¦s good looks are not going to hurt either ƒº If you are the director of a commercial enterprise, whom would you like to pay and make your company¡¦s ambassador? So, isn¡¦t it weird that some people could be ignorant or squint-minded enough to make an issue out of it? It is economics, stupid! Mainland India is not a homogeneous population (or community) entirely biased against us. There are so many different communities that look down upon and make fun of one another. Bengalis are the ¡§rice and fish eating Bongs¡¨! But, no one can deny that they are an intellectual powerhouse. Marwaris are makkhi-chus. They are also the predominant community controlling a major chunk of the financial assets in the country. The Sikhs are always at the receiving end of dumb jokes. They faced a bloody riot in 1984 aimed entirely against them. Now, a Shikh is the Prime Minister of India. Another Shikh is the Army Chief. Yet another Sikh is India¡¦s permanent Ambassador to United Nations. They are a powerful community inside and outside of India. What can we learn from the Sikhs? That we should take ethnocentric conflicts in the right spirit. That we cannot keep blaming others for their chauvinism or ignorance about our culture or community. That we should be engaged in constructive activities, and excel, and make progress so that they sit up and notice us. That violence and fretting on others’ attitudes are not only futile but self-destructive. On a different take, if you look at the phenomenon of discrimination a little more closely, there is always a pertinent explanation in every case. I do not want to waste pages listing the reasons. Instead, I would give just a few examples. The Caucasians are physically (and aesthetically) and intellectually well endowed. The Caucasians colonized the world and have been and are still at the forefront of this civilization. They have every plausible reason to feel superior to other races. Similarly, the urban areas are more developed and equipped with modern facilities for employment and entertainment. So, the
urbanites have reasons to have a condescending attitude towards their rural counter-parts. Discrimination will be there as long as we have uses for adjectives like good and bad, black and white, rich and poor, developed and underdeveloped, ugly and beautiful, educated and less educated or uneducated, big and small, etc.

Hence, the oft repeated ¡§discrimination by the mainland Indians¡¨ is a silly reason for ¡§liberation¡¨ from India. The people need to be (they are already) wary of people who are trying to plant ideas of xenophobia and exclusivism and to alienate the North-East Indians from the mainland. First, because xenophobia and exclusivism have no place in a sensible and civilized world where relevance of nation states and racial segregation are increasingly getting blurred and the importance of cooperation is being increasingly underscored. Second, because the people who are ¡§waging a war for liberation from India¡¨ have other ulterior motives, the most predominant and obvious include money and power. Third, because we cannot escape from discrimination by breaking away from India. Fourth, because the state of affairs in Manipur now is such that even the Hell must be a better place to live: thanks to the politicians who have been looting the state¡¦s exchequer and the terrorists who are running armed business enterprises in the garb of ¡§freedom struggle¡¨. It would be worthwhile to remember that failure breeds contempt and complaints. Here failure of the community is entirely the making of the corrupt politicians and the demons of terrorists in the garb of freedom fighters with ample contribution from the vested interest among the civilians who have been making good use of their associations with the terrorists and politicians.

Peace, rule of law, education, employment, financial empowerment and development are the only things that can enable us to outgrow discrimination, to prosper as a community and to earn respect from other communities. Let us stop playing in the hands of the terror syndicates.

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The curious case of State Bank of India

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By Sanjit Laishram SBI a regional banking giant and is one of the largest financial institutions in the world. The State Bank of India is the largest of the Big Four banks of India, along with ICICI Bank, Punjab National … Continue reading

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By Sanjit Laishram

SBI a regional banking giant and is one of the largest financial institutions in the world. The State Bank of India is the largest of the Big Four banks of India, along with ICICI Bank, Punjab National Bank and HDFC Bank-its main competitors. The State Bank of India is also the 29th most reputed company in the world according to Forbes. In addition, SBI is the only bank featured in the coveted “top 10 brands of India” list in an annual survey conducted by Brand Finance and The Economic Times in 2010 and boast of having the highest number of customers among all the commercial banks in India is something to be proud of for the banking giant.

Being the largest bank, State Bank of India Services offers products through its well-managed, efficient and deep-rooted networks like Domestic Treasury, Broking Services, Revised Service Charge, ATM Services, Internet Banking, E-Pay, E-Rail, Safe Deposit Lockers, and Gift Cheques. As a premier banking institute every customers expect quick and efficient service form the bank. On the contrary, SBI branches across the Imphal valley i.e. Imphal Secretariat Branch, Paona Bazaar Branch, MG Avenue Branch, Porompat Branch and MU Campus Branch is marred with technical and staffing problem on a regular basic. This is not expected form an institution like SBI. Wondering, what the condition of the banks would be in far-flung areas?

Daily server problem, issuing of limited number of token for early birds, late opening of branch office from the stipulated schedule time is against Banking Guidelines, Arrogant Staffs greets you when you visit a State Bank of India branch in Imphal. These problems are not a mere one off incident for any customers visiting SBI branches in imphal. To feel and see how the customers are unnecessary harassed by all this issues, one can visit in any of the mention branches on any working day. Right form depositing a few amount of money or withdrawing it is a Herculean task for any ordinary customer. Making a Demand Draft or making a challan in any of the mention braches, one need to have a nerve of steel and the perseverance of the saint in order to get the job done. Never had I seen a staff endorse the old and the weak among the hundred tired customers.

Not to forget the ever idle ATM’s or you can abbreviate the name of the ATM’s in Imphal as All Time Moneyless. In addition, 27*7 banking is a distant dream for the customers except for those internet banking and mobile banking users. The ever-growing number of unsatisfied customers is not a welcome sign for SBI as people can always shift to other better service provider in near future. Wonder how the banking ombudsman would react with the entire shortcoming from a banking institute like SBI. In addition, never had I heard of a banking ombudsman giving justice to all this related issues in our state. Indeed, it is time to forward the grievance directly to Appellate Authority of RBI.

The immediate solution is to open more SBI branches in the neighborhoods with skilled and efficient staff that can cater the demand of the ever-increasing number of customers who want to avail its services. The RBI guidelines to open more bank branches for area whose population is about 25000 needs to be implemented ASAP. Only more number of bank branches will ease the work pressure that is being pilled up at the limited branches, which are available now. Whatever be the matter it is for the management in SBI to look after the public grievances and create an atmosphere to the customers who now hate going to Bank our state to avoid the madness and chaos seen everyday in banking offices across the city. After all this is just a reminder to SBI that the customer is still the king and always will be.

Posted: 2012-02-10

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Anxiety Over Board Exams

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The Class X and the Class XII Board Exams are round the corner for 2013. Every time I come across a student preparing for these exams, I only hear stories of anxiety leading to inability to sleep, eat or study … Continue reading

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The Class X and the Class XII Board Exams are round the corner for 2013. Every time I come across a student preparing for these exams, I only hear stories of anxiety leading to inability to sleep, eat or study at the same time. Few years back, I met a girl who used to excel upto Class IX. The first month she started her Class X session, she was very scared to think that she will be appearing the board exams. She couldn’t even spend half an hour of study time and had severe headaches. Ultimately, she couldn’t continue and she was taken to Guwahati to be treated by a psychiatrist. She lost a year of her precious career. Examination anxiety is quite common in every phase of a student life. What matters most is how to handle this anxiety well so that you do not succumb to it. What causes such fear and anxiety at the first place? Is it the Fear of Failure? Is it the fear not making to the top 10 or sometimes even top 3? Or is it just that the pressure or expectations from your parents, peers or the school is so high that you feel you will not be able meet those expectations?

Pressure from parents could be very high at times. They can continuously remind you of goals which you may not be able to achieve. They may even announce it to other family members or even in their friend circles. Comparison of children amongst parents is quite common in our society as you are aware. Principal and teachers expecting you to be one of the top 10 based on your school exam records builds additional pressure. Rather than adding confidence, these expectations lead to fear of not making it and thereby the fear of letting them down. Peer pressure and social pressure which is quite common in every field also applies in this case. The fear that your friends can score higher than you or the fear that the society will look down on you since your results are poor can sometimes lead to mental trauma. And besides all these pressures, you have pressures which comes out of your own self. Your goal(s) and dream(s) in life and your fear of not achieving it. You fear that you are not coping up with your own routine which you made sometime back. All these pressures lead to one just thing – Exam Fever.

Following are few tips which can help you tackle exam fever during the next few months.

1. No last minute change in plan: There are many different methods of reading techniques. Each student follows a different pattern, schedule and steps of memorizing. This is not the time to change your plan drastically or follow a new plan that you found out from some source. No new plan is going to work at this point. If you like burning the midnight oil and you are not an early riser, so be it. You should never try to change the schedule. You should never try to alter your Math or Physics formulae chart. Also, do not try to start using a new guide or reference a friend’s notes which is hard to follow. Stick to your plan, stick to your notes and be confident of yourself. Your strategy that work for the pre-board will work indeed.

2. Tuition/Coaching Class: At this stage no amount of tuition or coaching classes or additional explanation from a private tutor is going to matter. You should no longer be in a learning mode. You should be in the revision mode and above all you should be practicing those sections which you want to fully master and commit zero errors. If you have already decided not to touch one chapter, this is not the time to open that chapter. Focusing on the subjects and the areas you are confident of is the simple trick to score all the good marks which will boost your overall percentage.

3. Personal Health: Health is of prime importance during this stage. The winter is cold and if you know that taking bath with cold water can give you that mild headache or fever, you should not. Few hours or days lost due to sickness is going to cost you a lot. Eat light, sleep well and above all do some mild exercise which can relax your muscles. Leisure walking for few hundred meters can help relax your body which generally gets stressed out due to sitting in one position. However avoid any physically activity that can make you feel so exhausted that you have no energy left for your study time.

4. Hobbies: Listen to music, any form of music you like. It can provide that relaxation after several hours of reading. If you like gardening, you should do it for few minutes in the morning or evening. Painting also is a soother but you should not start something which can take several hours or days. Avoid activities that can over stimulate your mind like playing chess or reading novels. Also, never indulge into leisure talking or gossiping for long hours which will lead to distraction.

Well those tips are only to control your exam fever. What about the overall anxiety? How do you tackle that? To an extent if you bring down your exam fever, you will be able to release your mental tension to a large extent which will bring down your anxiety levels. Let’s try to look at the bigger picture. What if you fail in the board exam or what if you do not make it to the top 10? You prepared well, you did your best but you just didn’t make it. If you fail, you lose one year. And if you do not make it to the top 10, you face your teachers and parents in a different way. I am not trying to tell you that you should relax or chill out and stop putting those additional hours. 8-10 hours a day or maybe more is quite common during this time when the exam is just few months away. Even though your board exam results are not so good, you will still be able to pursue your graduation in a good university. You still have the chance to crack the AIEEE or the Medical Entrance Exam. Look beyond these board exams. If you pursue the career you desire wholeheartedly, you will definitely succeed and I am sure you will one day make your parents, teachers and above all your elders in your society proud. You will not live a life in frustration thinking that you have failed due to anxiety because you succumb to the many pressures mentioned above. Give your best shot in every exam you face starting the board exams. Set the bar high, but not so high that you can never achieve it. It is very important to know your limits.

All the very best for your upcoming exams. Cheers!!

The author is a career counselor. With more than 13 years of corporate industry exposure, he has been engaged with student mentorship at MIMS, Manipur University. He can be reached at career.wahang@gmail.com (Published in The Sangai Express Sunday edition 3-Feb-13.)

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Aam Aadmi Party for real or just the name?

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Aam Aadmi Party for real or just the name? The news of establishing a new political party in our state whose vision states “a dream of an equal and just society where every man, woman and child has the right … Continue reading

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Aam Aadmi Party for real or just the name?

The news of establishing a new political party in our state whose vision states “a dream of an equal and just society where every man, woman and child has the right and privilege to lead a fulfilling and nurturing life, free from all kinds of oppression” reminds me of the lengthiest constitution in the world. Its directive principles and the frame work for all the citizens’ rights starting form the first citizen to the aam aadmi as a whole. And a system that follows a written constitution that govern, protect its citizens for their welfare and development. As our nation celebrates 64th Republic Day those words written in the golden book is a distant reality for many Indian and has been “work in progress” never fully executed till date.

On the contrary our society is governed by the bureaucrats’ politicians and men’s with weopon. News of sexual harassment, graft, and scam along with anti social elements flexing their muscle is a daily phenomenon across the length & breadth of the country. It would be my wildest dream to see a new India free from corruptions and crimes against women. And, on this very topic, how many political party & politicians has promised to fight corruption and actually bring all the corrupt to justice. I wonder how the general public would react to such newly formed political parties and embrace with both hands. Beside the politician & political parties in our states is for the riches. The recently concluded state election and panchayat election is the proof that- aam aadmi wants the yellow and red notes rather than the politician or the political party itself. This trend has been in the blood of the people of our state for ages, as they knew that only the corrupt and power hungry people took center stage for changes and developmental promises. Looking at our timeline and the history of the state in the last five decade since independence it is a matter of shame that we do not have a single influential political leader to guide and lead us to development and prosperity.

If those pre election promises were fulfilled by the candidates and ruling party as such, people would have admired them as their leader who is reliable for development and good governance. The launching of Aam Aadmi Party in Manipur and the whole of North East is a wel-come change of ideas and option for the citizens of this region who really believe in the democracy and development in the society. The question to be asked is how many citizens are there in Manipur who is ready to cast their vote, free from influence and greed of money. The up coming Nagaland election could well be an eye opener for the general public to try the new, rather than favoring the old and inefficient political parties in the region.

AAP further states that every civilization reaches a plimsoll line of tolerance. And this is their line. India’s common man has had enough of oppression, inequality, injustice and unkept promises. For the last 2 years the anti corruption movement has galvanized the country from end to end into one common voice – a voice that is demanding a complete rehaul in the way political parties and their leaders function” as quoted in their web site aamaadmiparty.org. Its is only too be seen in days to come to find out if Aam Aadmi Party really care for the Aam Janata or just another political party gone with the winds.

By:- Sanjit Laishram

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10 biggest career mistakes – Sapam Shyamananda

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It was a hot sunny Sunday in Chennai. Summer at its peak and Sunday is when I visit my friend at Royapettah with whom I spent time eating a sumptuous lunch and hit the beach later in the evening. My … Continue reading

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It was a hot sunny Sunday in Chennai. Summer at its peak and Sunday is when I visit my friend at Royapettah with whom I spent time eating a sumptuous lunch and hit the beach later in the evening. My friend who handles school and college admissions in Tamil Nadu has frequent visitors mostly new students who are waiting to enter their hostels having got an admission. That day these two new girls were helping us with the cooking and we started to talk. Then as we get along, it was time for my favourite topic – careers. So my questions started to flow. Echan, how did you decide to come to Chennai? What course have you selected and why? Which school did you go to in Imphal? Sometimes, some youngsters do not open up but I approached them non-intrusively and that has really worked. Out of the many answers, the most critical information I want to highlight is the one year she lost doing a course in “Diploma of Aeronautical Sciences” in Guwahati. So I asked her why and how did you end up in that college. She was transparent and immediately answered “One of my uncle told me that after studying this course, I will have a job with good salary”. Good salary – that is the reason why she took up that unknown course. After six months, she had to leave since the college was not good and besides she was not able to cope up with the syllabus. There are many similar stories we hear on a daily basis. Why does this happen in the first place? I don’t blame it on the lack of awareness. I blame it purely on the fact that our society seems to be driven by “Shoi-chatpa-thabak-mentality” rather than understanding if that power & the associated salary is what one wants to do in life. And in the process we fail to ask our children or the child fails to ask herself – what is that she really wants to do in life.

How to choose a career is a topic I will cover in future. But in short, there are three broad career tracks available for a student to choose: 1) Academics & Research 2) A professional job mostly working from 9 AM to 5 PM. & 3) Entrepreneur – start your own company. Each track has few overlaps and you can move from one track to the other. My focus today is on what you should not do while choosing a career. So here are the top ten career mistakes I have seen most students commit during the critical stages of their careers. Critical stages are right after Class X, Class XII and after graduation.

1. Doctor (Medicine) or Nothing: After Class XII, the biggest rat race I see in our state and elsewhere is the Medicine course and to an extend Engineering. Many students just do not have a back-up plan. “What if I do not crack the exam?” – this is a critical question always missed. Whether it is the lack of other options or whether it is over-confidence, some students keep trying for Medicine even for 3 years and by the time they plan to do something, 4 years of their precious career is already lost. My advice is never to go beyond two attempts in these exams. By two attempts, I mean you can lose only one year and not beyond that. But, why do so many students end up in the rat race of Engineers and Medicine career and fail to realize that there are so many options beyond these two careers? Blame it on the pressure from parents, society and above all peers. The student should know whether she really wants the profession and if not, one should be assertive enough to say ‘No’ to all the pressures and push back in a polite manner.

2. No goal defined – take it as it comes: I remember our school Principal once said. If you do not have a goal in life, any road you choose will take you to your goal. I have met many students in several cities who have taken up various courses with no planning and with no awareness of job markets. One thing which I hear in common is “I wish I knew about this before”. The information is available today in many formats and it is just that we do not do enough research to take an informed decision and at the end we end up in the wrong college doing the wrong course and in that process – precious time, money & effort is lost. One should not decide on anything about her career without prior research in the internet or talking to an expert.

3. Study Masters without an aim to pursue Academics: After completing graduation, the easiest choice to do is Masters. But why Masters if you do not plan to go into the field of Academics & Research by pursuing M Phil or PhD. This mistake is linked to the above around no goal defined. If your goal is to work in a company, make sure your Masters is related to that else the two years you spent in the University will be a pure waste of time.

4. Not willing to start with a small job: This is the biggest mistake I see with many graduates in our state or outside. They tend to sit at home not willing to start a job because the salary is small or the company is not big. While they sit at home their peers will end up getting 1-2 years experience ahead of them and long before they realize, they have lost steam and they don’t want to work anymore.

5. Joining an MBA without knowing what to do after it: MBA is the buzz word. Like many students opt medicine after Class XII, there are many who opts for an MBA after graduation without knowing what this course can do for them. They get lost in the specialization and sometimes aren’t sure if Finance is better or HR is better. And there are many MBA schools who has no placement facilities. Joining such college will be a waste of time. Part time MBA is another fever with many working professionals. One should not opt it from any institution. The best are the ones which are tied up with a company.

6. Switching jobs with no planning: Leaving a current job without an offer letter from another company is a crime. A gap between two jobs can mean that you are not a stable employee to the new company you are applying. Besides picking a new job, in a new company and in a new city needs adequate planning. Just because you are getting a higher salary should not be the sole factor.

7. Do not have a Mentor : Many times we get into a stage where we are stuck and unaware of which decisions to take. These are decisions related to career move, issues with a current boss, skill improvement, etc. If you do not have a mentor you may end up taking wrong decisions and to regret later on. Mentor can help you see the bigger picture, clarify your doubts so that your decision is firm and you are confident to move forward.

8. Choosing a career because it pays high salary: Salary is one of the factors of job satisfaction. But beyond a point, salary has no relevance in job satisfaction. One needs to know what she wants to do in life. It is important that the basis of the decision taken is related to the profile of the job & its responsibilities. Many students end up taking up careers & jobs without understanding the profile and at the end they get frustrated.

9. A career in Sports or Music means you have to leave education: It is a myth that we think we cannot study if we want to pursue a sports career. Sports is a different career altogether and can go hand in hand with your education. If you think you have the talent of a particular sport, go for it.

10. Cannot see the bigger picture: We need to fit our life in the bigger scheme of things. Inability to see life after 50 years of age or what one wants to do after retirement is not a big concern. But having to know the end goals makes you to decide better short term goals.

In fact, I have committed few mistakes listed above in my own career. And there may be other mistakes not covered in my list. If you are in your Class X or lower, please read, digest and be aware. And for those who have made many of these mistakes, remember there is always a way out. I am sure your mistake will be a learning experience and you are on the right course now which will take you to your ultimate goal.

Cheers!!

The author is a career counselor. With more than 13 years of corporate industry exposure, he has been engaged with student mentorship at MIMS, Manipur University. The author can be reached at career.wahang@gmail.com (Published in The Sangai Express Sunday edition 20-Jan-13.)

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Once upon a time ….

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By Tinky Ningombam Everyone loves a good story. Be it as a kid or as an adult, a good story always captivates our mind. All of us have always had that one friend that tells a story better or the … Continue reading

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By Tinky Ningombam
Everyone loves a good story. Be it as a kid or as an adult, a good story always captivates our mind. All of us have always had that one friend that tells a story better or the grandmother who have told us bedtime stories. Who has not loved stories while growing up? But when we were kids, it was easier. We would have easily believed when our parents have told us that those who lie would get haunted by ghosts at night. But how do you explain that to kids nowadays who probably know better than us? Kids get better information download now. And it is about time we come up with more intelligent stories.
Stories need to answer to the complicated questions that kids have now. Stories were easier; more of the ones that have been told to kids have been moral or cautionary. Whether, of the kid who got lost in the woods and got captured by beasts or children who have told lies and got eaten by wolves. Children stories have been much about conforming them to adult supervision. Children’s stories are not far removed from gruesome details. Time and again several critics have spoken against it. And so did Lewis Carroll who in his Alice`s Adventures in Wonderland, mentions that Alice had read of “several nice little histories about children who had got burnt, and eaten up by wild beasts and other unpleasant things, all because they would not remember the simple rules their friends had taught them: such as, that a red-hot poker will burn you if you hold it too long; and that if you cut your finger very deeply with a knife, it usually bleeds; and she had never forgotten that, if you drink much from a bottle marked “poison”, it is almost certain to disagree with you, sooner or later.”

Story-telling is an acquired art. And adults need to use them more effectively. Kids believe in stories more eagerly and have a more unrestricted imagination which is still innocent and unbiased by life’s harsh realities. Mankind has spun many a great yarn for different purposes with the memorable ones being those we heard as kids. The story teller and the listener form a shared emphatic connection through the story. When kids are told moral stories, they begin by putting themselves in the shoes of the characters and through these stories simulate in their minds the stories of the good and the bad virtues. They begin to imagine the story through simulation and take the moral or the take-away from the story.  These stories tell them that villains have bad behaviors which are detrimental for the society while the good heroes with moral virtues will live happily ever after.

We grew up with our story telling, family dinners with people narrating their day’s events. Phunga waaris are a dying tradition but they have taken newer forms of bedtime story-telling for kids. These stories become experiential for them. Stories that start with Thaina Thaina Mamangeida(Once upon a time…) have been universal and have been told and re-told across time and ages. And across cultures, we have used stories as a vessel to hold forms of information. Stories about good virtues of mankind, heroic feats, supernatural activities, famous biographies have been passed on through generations with story-telling.

In our own tradition, oral story-telling is an important tradition. History has been recorded in the stories that get passed on. Legends, folklores and myths are exemplary in defining the past culture and history of civilizations. It also reinforces cultural values and help in defining cultural identity.

Psychologists and neurologists have debated on the co-relation of humans with story-telling. Story-telling has been used in creating social relations and for survival.  In Jonathan Gottschall’s new book, “The Storytelling Animal: How Stories Make Us Human.” he espouses that human beings are natural storytellers. He says that humans like stories so much that they try to turn everything into stories just because they love narratives so much.

And does every story have a take-away? Well, apparently so.  Humans tend to try finding meanings of a story and get restless when they fail to.

(The author agrees with Brian P. Cleary when he said “Whatever story you`re telling, it will be more interesting if, at the end you add, “and then everything burst into flames.” Enough said.)

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No Analysis Please!

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By Ananya S Guha Now the analyses of the Indian man`s attitude towards the opposite sex are getting complex, if not abstruse. The latest `theory` I read today in The Times of India. The venerable author posited a world view, … Continue reading

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By Ananya S Guha
Now the analyses of the Indian man`s attitude towards the opposite sex are getting complex, if not abstruse. The latest `theory` I read today in The Times of India. The venerable author posited a world view, positioned between the man`s view on sterreotypes, and the western world view on lewdness, exposure to bodily sex. First the latter.

The Indian male like any other counterpart in the world is lascivious. Like any other male he is prone to internet sex, which is instantly gratifying at the tip of one`s finger. We cannot blame him for this vice. The whole world over is suscebtible to internet pornography. What we can do is to restrict this usage as much as we can with the help of cyber laws. Yes, this has a deleterious effect on the youth; here too this calls for severe restriction. How we do it, depends on parents, and teachers, not necessarily on law makers.

Regarding Indian stereotypes, as the woman as a slave, the dutiful mother and the equally dutiful wife, bearing the lustful attack by men is true. That is what has been happening for a long time. What is required is attitudinal change, and not a sexist centred view on marital `laws`, women, girls and what have you. You speak to a woman, and that means you are having an `affair`. A healthy male female relationship cannot be construed, because the woman is an object. Change this trendy thinking, change the syllabi in education; get rid of dowry, female infanticide, and the pathetic `arranged` marriage. How can a marriage be `arranged`? It can only happen. And if your son or daughter does not fall in love – bad luck, they will have to remain subjugated to bachelorhood!

Yes, the author referred to above is right. These stereotypes are abominable, in the process the rabid male can get away with ribald jokes, murder, rape, whatever you might think. Introduce `sex education` not sex centred education, in schools and colleges, at least up to class twelve. The last time this was mentioned there were two groups; one raised raucous, unintelligible noises, the other turned their faces away, taciturn, coyly. Come on be realistic man, our children need healthy education; they should also know that friendship among the opposite sex is natural, just as there are friends among the same sex. Instead the girl or the woman is objectified and objectivized as symbol of sex. Shame on you!

There is no need to be swayed by western paradigms on sex. It is not `western ` either. It is as old as man (woman) itself.

What is required now, in the light of the Delhi episode is to bring the culprits to book immediately, and adopt strict punitive measures for future culprits, call it fast track or whatever. No anaylsis, exegis, explication is required as to what went on to the making of this sordid event.

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BREATHLESS

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By Bobo Khuraijam The other day, one of our Leipung members bought a digital still camera. He bought it from Paona International market. A shop owner who frequently travels to Bangkok got it from there. Camera like this one has … Continue reading

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By Bobo Khuraijam
The other day, one of our Leipung members bought a digital still camera. He bought it from Paona International market. A shop owner who frequently travels to Bangkok got it from there. Camera like this one has become cheaper since its first launch in the market. There are events in the family either big or small which we all want to capture in a camera. He has been doing that with his mobile phone with flair. Some of his shots taken with mobile phones are really good. We would say, sometimes, perhaps better than some loud shutterbugs. The one which he bought is also a small one, tough bigger than his mobile phone. He was happy with his new buy. He displayed it to us with a smile. However his happiness did not last long. When inquired upon, we came to know that there was something wrong. The pictures he has taken are not clear, he told us. We took a look. The picture seemed clear to us. So what was the problem? Then he showed pictures from Bangkok taken with the same camera. Yes, the pictures taken in Bangkok were much better in clarity. We went to the shop owner. We asked him how he had operated the camera in Bangkok. He said he took it similarly as our friend did. We were confused. Someone from the shop suggested that we should consult a professional. May be he could help us. There was one in the leikai who works in films. We went straight to his place. There was nothing wrong with the camera. The professional told us. He had also been to Bangkok once for an assignment.The shots he took over there on his video camera were better as far as clarity was concerned. He went on to tell us that he made a shocking discovery after that trip. It dawned on him that it was the dust in Imphal playing the trick!

IKAIKHUMNAJARIBA:

Dear Minister Saheb, thank you for educating us that it is illegal to block the Highway. Or for that matter, that it is illegal to block any kind of road. We are blind in that part. May be the lesson was taught while we were bunking classes from the school. Much of our precious days were spent in Imphal Talkies watching “A” movies. Very much unlike our Saheb, we cleared all kind of exams by hanging on to the whiskers of ‘pass marks’. Forgive us for the ignorance. Or, may be, the illegal part you mention was out of syllabus from whatever little we struggled to memorize just before the exams. The crying need of the hour is people like our Saheb who could tell us what is legal or illegal. We should also thank you for informing us that another car rally is coming in Imphal. Saheb, what a deblabment! Rally after rally are coming to Imphal. We remember watching Himalayan car rallies on Sunday evening. It was when Doordarshan was the one and only channel. Now that thrill is right under our nose. We can watch it with our naked eyes. But we are disappointed with one thing. To tell you the truth, there is a sharp difference of opinion. We are saddened by your pronouncement that the roads will be repaired in time for the rally. Please, we beg you. Do not repair it. You will be stealing away the thrill if you repair the road. The car rallies which we saw on television have a dusty charm, you know. When those colorful cars with striking paraphernalia take a turn the wheels’ violently caresses the dust. A sublime cloud of dust would fill the air. Mind you, a cement factory would not match that beauty. Beneath the cover of that dust; let our Saabi-Saanou barter stolen kisses, away from the onslaught of restorent draaip. Let our children play hide and seek, away from the clutches of video games and cartoon animations. Let the dust uncurl many a backbones of our elder citizens. Just keep our roads as it is. There are possibilities of your eminence dwindling down once you repair the roads. The swarm of contractors jostling for your signature will stop offering you prayers. No worries. You can bridge your ties with them when election is round the corner. Give your ophisaars and istaf a break from working over-time. There has to be a limit for sacrifice as well. We know how much they have done for the gorment, for the people and nothing, yes nothing at all for themselves.

NONLUKNA:

For those insipid protests on the road by immobilized majority, please ignore them. Sahib should take a strong position to keep alive the spirit of digging up any parts of the road. Projects of any name which have taken longer time than eternity should be kept alive at all cost. Allow us to enjoy the magnificence of ASEAN cars steering around the French manholes.

Let them smell the dust which has been around before 33 AD. This dust is our true identity. Roll down your wind shield when you zoom around in cavalcade. The fragrance is immensely romantic. Dust-borne diseases enslaving many lives, and still more lives crowding the hospitals are purely mythical. Reports of accidents due to our road condition, sometimes fatal injuries are a concoction based on lies and fallacies. As for people like our Leipung member who has complains about clarity of pictures, we will exercise sanity with him. If he still ask for clarity, well: we will declare him as ‘Enemy of the state’ – Leibak Ki Yeknaba. Saheb pu mask uppaga khurumjari.

FOOTNOTE:

With the arrival of another new year, Tata internet service gives us a cold goodbye. Let’s not get dishearten. Other goods are still here to stay. Tata salt, Tata tea, Tata truck, Tata steel, Tata sky, Tata Magic and Tata endless; Leipung Ningthou exlaims, “Tata gi laman Napa na singadara?”.

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Discovery of Kangleipak

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Discovery of Kangleipak (44) by Wangkhemcha Chingtamlen Date: 12/11/12 The Writer’s Journey of Life with 18 Kanglei Alphabets The humble writer, W. Chingtamlen was born in 1933 C.E. and passed Matriculation in 1956 at about 24yrs of age, very late … Continue reading

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Discovery of Kangleipak
(44)
by Wangkhemcha Chingtamlen
Date: 12/11/12

The Writer’s Journey of Life with 18 Kanglei Alphabets

The humble writer, W. Chingtamlen was born in 1933 C.E. and passed Matriculation in 1956 at about 24yrs of age, very late in life.

The writer met Takhellambam Bokul, the great Revivalist of Kanglei culture and Tradition in 1956 itself and the writer became a devoted follower of the great Revivalist from 1956 itself.

Therefore, for the first time in the life of the writer, the Mayek, the writer associated with was the Naoria Phulo Mayek as an ‘Ancient Kanglei Eeyek’ amongst the ancient Kanglei Mayeks. In 1960 the writer passed B.A. exam from the D.M. College, Imphal. In the early 60s the Meetei Marup led by Takhellambam Bokul exhibited Naoria Phulo Mayek at an exhibition(Mela) at Pologround and the writer was in charge of the Stall of the Meetei Marup.

One day at about 11 am in the Mela, two young persons probably from Bengal, came and examined the Naoria Phulo Mayek on exhibition at the Meetei Marup stall and asked the writer:

The Bengali friend: Do you claim these Alphabets as Ancient Manipuri Alphabets?
The writer: Yes (very bravely).
The Bengali friend: How do you pronounce the alphabets?
The writer: Om, Ara, Era, etc ( for the vowels)
Lai, Kak, Dhan, Nong, Yong, etc ( for the consonants)
The Bengali friend: the symbols and pronounciation seem to be modified Bengali
Alphabets, etc. (the Begali friend commented).

The writer was puzzled and had no Answer at the comments of the Bengali friend. After serious thinking for some days, the writer gave up the Naoria Mayek as an Ancient Kanglei Eeyek, forever.

Then, the writer met one Okram Nityai who said that there are only 25 Kanglei Ancient Meetei Mayek(in the group of 35 Meetei Mayek). Even the writer represented the Pandit Okram Nityai at a Mayek conference at Pologround(The writer cannot remember the date of the conference).

For the time being, the writer spent some years with ‘Oja’ Nityai and seriously studied the 25/35 Meetei(Meitei) Mayek (the group of Meitei Mayek with 1ð ). The time may be early part of 1960s.
In the mean time, the Puya, Wakoklon Thilel Salai Amailon Pukok, printed in Bengali Scripts by Ahal-Ibungo Thokchom Thoukachanpa of Sagolband came to the hands of the writer and still the writer possesses upto this day. The writer has not seen the original of the Puya upto this day.

At this time of the writer’s life, he never see any document of 18 alphabets of the Meetei Race. At the outset, the 18 Alphabets of the Wakoklon Thilel Salai Amailon Pukok of Ahal Ibungo Thoukachanpa prove to be a very different set of Kanglei Alphabets from those the writer has seen so far at the time, that is, from Naoria Mayek and Meitei Mayek and Meitei Mayek 35/36 groups.

The writer’s Devotion and Love for a Kanglei Ancient Alphabet has gone completely to the 18 Alphabets of late Ahal Ibungo Thoukachanpa of Sagolband and gave an unceremonious Good-bye to other Kanglei Alphabet groups.

This time the writer goes very frequently to the home of Ahal-Ibungo Thoukachanpa and he became the writer’s friend-guide-philosopher. Unfortunately, the Ahal-Ibungo did not live long and gone forever.

In the mean time, in 1971, the writer bought a copy of the puya, Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok (by the time: Amailon Pukok) transcribed in Bengali scripts by the Khuwai Meetei Thoukal Langkal Malup of Sakolpan.

Today everybody interested in the Kanglei Alphabets knows very well that both the Wakoklon Thilel Salai Amailon and Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok are written in 18 ancient Kanglei alphabets.

As the writer possessed the two Puyas since the 1971 CE, the writer became more interested and devoted to the 18 Ancient Kanglei Alphabets, with Happiness and Encouragement, and also with a Sudden Height of Pride.

The writer Read and Read, and the Puyas became very clear to the writer and differences between the Puyas became clearer day by day.

By the time of 1980, when the Manipur government accepted 27 Meitei Mayeks for the Schools of Manipur, the writer thinks, he was a member of the Mannaba Apunba Marup and Yumnam Tamphajao of Keisampat was the Ideologue of the Marup.

Late Yumnama Tamphajao represented the Mannaba Apunba Marup in the expert committee when the 27 alphabets were selected and most probably he signed the final selection of the 27 alphabets.

The writer has no knowledge how Late Yumnam Tamphajao was selected by the Mannaba Apunba Marup for the expert committee. The writer knew all these from the Newspaper reports.

On 16th Nov, 1978, A Meetei Mayek expert committee consisting of 12 members was constituted by the government of Manipur.

The members are:
1. Mr. Yangmaso Sheiza, Chairman
2. Dr. L. Chandramani, Convenor, Agriculture Minister, Manipur.
3. Mr. Tourangbam Ibotombi Singh, Member Secretary, Director of Education(S).
4. Prof. Mangi Ningomba, JNU Centre, Canchipur.
5. Miss Sorojini Devi, Activist, State Kala Academy
6. S. Rohini Kumar/Iboyaima i.e. Librarian, Manipur Secretariate

Other Delegate Members:
7. Mr. Laishram Kulachandra, Malom Changanggei.
8. Mr. Yumnam Tamphajao, Keisampat
9. Prof. W. Tomchou, DM College
10. Mr. Loitongbam Mohindro (Jayanta Kumar), Kwakeithel.
11. Prof. Kangjam Gopal, Oriental College.
12. Mr. Ningombam Iboyaima, Thangmeiban

During the time of Mr. L. Jayanta, Minister of Education, Government of Manipur, a meeting of expert committee on the Meetei Mayek held and the writer had no knowledge in details as the Meeting Minutes, etc are not widely published.

Very very recently on 17/11/12, an expert committee meeting on Meetei Mayek was held under the chairmanship of Education Minister M. Okendra. As report in the newspaper indicated, govt. officials and members of the Meelan joined the Meeting.

No more is known by the writer.What transacted before the Final Selection of the ‘27 Meetei Mayek’:
(1) At the 3rd Meeting of the Meetei Mayek Expert committee on 11/12/78, the expert committee decided a 12 criteria(yumfam) of the selection of the Meetei Mayek.
The second criterion says: Mayek Lepnabagi Yumfamgi Matangda Ariba Record Neinaba.
The third criterion says: Mayekki Hourakfamgi Matangda Wari Neinaba.

When the expert committee discussed the 2nd criterion, the committee discussed about the Grierson Mayek 35, 25 Meitei Mayek of the 35 group of Meetei Mayek. The expert committee rejected 35, 25 group of the Meetei/Meitei mayek. Under this 2nd criterion, the expert committee selected the 28 alphabets of the Wakoklon Thilel Salai Amailon Pukok, as they fulfils the second criterion as proposed by Prof. Kangjam
Gopal(Kangjia), Oriental College.

The next consideration of the expert committee under 2nd criterion(yumpham) was the 9 lom mayeks as we see today in the 1980 govt. Gazette implementing the 27 mayek since 1980. The selection of 9 Lom mayeks by the expert committee seems very shady, is not clear, as reported in the newspaper.

In 1980 and since 1978 when the govt. ‘Meetei Mayek expert committee’ was constituted by the govt. of Manipur, there are some hundreds of copies fo the Wakoklon Heelel Thielel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok as transcribed to the Bengali alphabets in circulation among the peoples. The Original copy of the Puya had been seen by the writer more than once by that time.

But very unfortunately, inspite of availabilty of the Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok to the Eeyek Experts, even to common people in Kangleipak(Manipur), nobody mentioned even the name of the Puya by the expert committee Memebers during the discussion. What happened to the expert committee,
many sane persons including the writer were Puzzled.

Under the 2nd and 3rd criteria for selection of Meetei Mayeks, the expert committee is under compulsary duty to consider the Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok, Why it was avoided?

Under the 7th criterion, cheitaps, their names and numbers, were accepted by the expert committee as proposed by Prof. Kangjia.

Under the 9th criterion, the Cheising Eeyeks (Ama, Ani, Ahum, …), the symbols etc., as proposed by Prof. Kangjia was accepted by the Expert committee. Mr. Kangjia mentioned Wakoklon Thilel Salai Pukok, Wachetlon Pathup, Kham-Oi Yang-Oi Sekning, etc in his argument.

These are the important Decisions of the Meetei Mayek Expert Committee before the govt. of Manipur accepted the 27 Meetei Mayek as published under No. 1/2/78-SS/E dt. April 22nd 1980 of the Government Gazzette.

As the writer was not a member of any of the Meetei Mayek Expert Committee so far, the Purpose of this Article is to Highlight to the englightened Kangleichas that how far the Meetei Mayek 27, most probably recommended by the expert committee, as accepted by the govt. of Manipur, represent the Ancient Meetei Eeyek of Kangleipak.

Before and after the Publication of the 27 Meetei Mayek in the government Gazzette, the Public including the Intelligentic are made to believe that the 27 Meetei Mayeks, accepted by the govt. of Manipur for the schools in Manipur follow the Puya, Wakoklon Thilel Salai Amailon Pukok of the Ahal Ibungo Thoukachanpa.
Now please see and examine whether the 27 Meetei Mayeks of the government follow any Ancient Puya of Kangleipak in Forms and Spirit:

The Alphabets/Eeyeks of Ancient Kangleipak – # (Singtha Cheising Eeyek Ama), u,e, a:
1, U, E A = 27 Meetei Mayeks of the government
#, u, e, a = Wakoklon Thilel Salai Amailon Pukok
#, u, e, a = Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok

These are the four Ancient Meetei Mayeks as found in the Puyas:
The national archive, New Delhi tested Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok has the four Alphabets, #, u, e, a with Eelik( [ ) symbols, in the same spirit, the Wakoklon Thilel Salai Amailon Pukok has the four alphabets with Eelik( [ ), as we see above.

But the 27 Meetei Mayeks of the govt. borrowed the Mayek symbols withou Eeliks( [ ). The 27 Meetei Mayeks of the govt has the four Alhabets as 1, U, E A as we see above without Eelik( [ ). The puya, Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok says that The Universal Father (called Eepung Loinapa Apakpa) comes on the Malem(the earth) in the symbol of # (Singthalon Cheising Eeyek Ama), clearely with Eelik( [ ) to create living beings from the eternal space. This symbol # is the Eepung Loinapa Apakpa Himself called
also as Talang Eepung, Sumbolising the Origin of Life is Extra Terrestrial, Theorised by the Kanglei Meeteis many centuries B.C before any Race on the Earth knew it.

Using #, u, e, a without Eelik( [ ) in the 27 govt. Meetei Mayek for the schools in Manipur Deceives the coming generations to come, Depriving them the unique genius of their Forefathers. And the Teaching to the coming generations of 27 Mayeks will not five the Knowldege to the coming generations that their forefathers are first human beings on the earth who knew the extra-terrestrial origin of life.
2. The selection of Lom Mayeks 9 lom mayeks in the symbol of:
g (gok) J (zam) r (rai)
b (ba) j (jil) d (dil)
G (ghou) D (dhou) v (vam)

These symbols of 9 lom mayeks are accepted by the govt., are most probably recommended by the Meetei Mayek exp. committee, 1980 are almost all copied from the Grierson Mayeks shown by him at Page 22 of the Lunguistic Survey of India, vol . III, Part III by G.A. Grierson. Grierson says, at page 21 of the same book, that the Mayeks are from Bengal and introduced during the reign of Charairongba who flourished about 1700 AD to manipur.

What are the logics behind the Meetei Mayek expert committee, or the govt. of Manipur for selection or Acceptance of those 9 lom mayeks from Grierson?

The Kanglei Ancestors are so wise, they wrote in the Puya which was written before 4000 yrs BP about the Lom Eeyek( ]) that “Khununglolchumsingse Tainapata Leilipa Mee Oipa Eecha Eesu Meetei Pumnamakkitamakta Haichapane ; He Ningthou-o! Eeyek Likhun Asiti Matamtuki Matung-inna Puthokpikatane Khangpio .” This is the prediction of the foresighted Ancestors, for the Kangleichas to adjust the mayeks to the future.

Why the Meetei mayek expert committee or the govt. did not use the Puya, Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok for the Meetei Mayeks of the schools? Why the expert committee or government preferred the Meiter Mayeks introduced from ‘Bengal’, Designed from Mayeks other than the Ancient Kanglei Eeyeks? It is every Body’s Guess.

3. The Cheitap mayeks of the 27 Meetei Mayeks:
Under the 7th criterion, the Meetei Mayek expert committee discussed the Cheitap Mayeks of the 27 Meetei Mayeks to be adopted by govt. for the schools of manipur.

Under this criterion also, the Cheitap-Mayek Masing and khonthok of the 27 Meetei Mayek selected as proposed by Prof. Kangjia. The expert committee selected of cheitap mayeks in the symbols à, ì, ì à, î, ì ï, [ , } in bengali. In the cheitaps there is only one Inap ([) and no more. Without thinking the masing, khonthok, etc of the cheitaps selected by the expert committee, what is the logic and motive of the
expert committee and of the Manipur govt. for selecting only ( [ ) only for the schools of Manipur ? It may not be a Logic and Motive of Innocence, may be Intentional.

In the Bengali Alphabets, we have [ and ã (two Inaps). In the Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Ama-ilon Pukok Puya and Wakoklon Thilel Salai Amailon Pukok (of Thoukachanpa), we have i ( [ ) and I ( ã ) (two Inaps) in both the Puyas.

Because of the Expert committee’s selection of only [ in the symbol of I , we cannot write the word Meetei ( ³ãît ), we have only to write mitei ([³ît ), the Ancient Races’ name of Kangleipak.

Whom the Meetei Mayek expert committee and the Manipur Govt. Meant to Kill?
Answer: The Meetei Race of Kangleipak Definitely.

The Infirmity of the selection only one Inap ( [ ) is so great that if the 27 Meetei Mayek is the ancient Kanglei meetei mayek and taught to the coming generations of Kangleipak, the coming generations of Kangleipak will not understand their Races’ Original name, the Meetei and will be obliterated the real Name of the Race forever and forever, a present Generation’s CRIME to the coming generations to come in
Kangleipak.

Through the world over, the philosophers and theologians agree that Man is created in the Image of the God Father, The Origin of this Theory is ancient Kangleipak.

Because of this Selection of the 27 meetei Mayeks by the expert committee and Acceptance by the Manipur Government for the schools of Manipur, the Kangleicha Future generations, specially the Meetei Race of Kangleik, a superfine Human group of the world has been Deprived of an Unique Genius property of their Forefathers.

Puyas in our hands now, and may be discovered in future will be inaccessible to the coming generations and will be lost forever.

A CRIME Against Humanity, No Doubt!

The above are the sum and substance of the selection of the meetei mayeks 27 by the meetei mayek Expert Committee constituted in 1978 and Acceptance of the 27 Meetei Mayeks by the Government of Maniput in 1980 with Necessarily concoctant infirmities and unethical standards.

The selection of the Meetei Mayeks 27 by the Meetei Mayek Expert Committee and Acceptance by the Govt. of Manipur by the Schools of Manipur Did not and Does not follow any known and recognized Puyas of the land.
The Kangleichas do not Expect such A thing from the Representative Government constituted under the Constitution of India.

Now! What is left to the Nationalistic Kangleichas to Save our Future Kangleicha Generations to come?
As long as we are Indians, we have to do Everything under the Constitution of India, nothing is Outside the Powers of the Constitution, including Governments constituted under the constitution of India. The constitution is the Highest Authority of Land.

Constitution is Supreme. The humble writer qutotes the Indian Constitution. The constitution says:
“Cultural and Educational Rights 29(1) Any section of the Citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, Script or Culture of its own shall have the right to
conserve the same.

(2) No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the state or receiving aid out of state funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.”
Under the “PART III FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS” of the Indian Constitution, there are 24 articles of the Fundamental Rights of the Citizens of India, from article 12 to article 35. plus four articles more. Amongst the fundamental rights of the citizens of the Indian union, we have the cultural and educational Fundamental Rights of the Citizens under article 29 of the Indian constitution as quoted above by the writer.

Please read carefully of the art. 29 of the constitution as quoted above or from a printed
book (constitution).

Under this art. 29 of the constitution, the right of the citizens of India for conservation of their “language, script, or culture” is Fundamental under the constitution, and absolute as worded by the constitution of india, that is, the constitution keeps no conditions for the conservation. What the citizens require, is only to prove the distinctness of the “Language, Script or culture of its own” of the citizens. This is too clear under art. 29(1) of the constitution of India.

Please compare this art. 29 with art. 19-freedom of speech and expression having conditions or conditional.

Under this art. 29 of the constitution, not only conservation of language, scripts or culture of the citizens, admission to education institutions under the government is also fundamental rights.

Along with these Fundamental Rights, Minority citizens of India have the Fundamental Rights to extablish educational institutions of their choice and to administer them under art. 30 of the constitution.

Under this art. 29 of Indian constitution, the Nationalist Kangleichas may take the option to go to the Law court to check-mate the Government and its Henchmen.

This is the Most Appropriate Course of Actions for the Nationalist Kangleichas to SAve the Future Kangleichas.

For the Meetei Mayek Expert Committe and its decisions, etc. please see Naharol Thoudang-26/3/03, Mannaba – 4/9/04, 6/9/04, 7/9/04 Huiyen Lanpao – 25/9/08 and Extraordinary Manipur Gazette, dt. April 22, 1980.
Kangleipak Historical and Cultural Research Centre Sagolband
Contact: +91 89745 77213
email: chingtamlen@gmail.com

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A call for the history in the making By Hijam Joychandra

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A call for the history in the making By Hijam Joychandra The trend of drug trafficking in the state is persistent and incorrigible until and unless another revolt of violent transformation like The Third Nupilal breaks out in order to … Continue reading

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A call for the history in the making
By Hijam Joychandra

The trend of drug trafficking in the state is persistent and incorrigible until and unless another revolt of violent transformation like The Third Nupilal breaks out in order to save the youngsters and youths of future generation from being exploited by such trailing drug invasion. So far, numerous illicit drugs like ephedrine and pseudo- ephedrine were impounded whose values worth crores of rupees in the International market by the combined team of Special Intelligence Unit and NAB units in many occasions from Imphal Tulihal Airport that are dispatched from Metro airports on cargo flight in the form of consignments. The permissible and authorization of these drugs by the vigilance authority to freight from Metro airports is also a question of wonder.

But the sources and the destinations of this drug trafficking are made concealed and this nexus need to be cracking down. Some of the impounded drugs are disposed off in front of the media while many are vanished from the possession. For the first time, the involvement of many high profilers and officials in this drug smuggling is revealed as the valiant cop who leads the drug raid was transferred with immediate effect on the following day. The misled of political powers exercised to transfer a valiant cop like Inspector K. Ranjit for performing his rightful duty is gravely condemnable and deprivable. By being a mute spectator or by staging peaceful protests and demonstrations, no amicable solutions will bring forward to stop this social offence of drug trafficking. It is high time to invite for a forceful revolt like another Nupilal to bring forth a change to this deplorable system. Such transformation is the only hope to save the generation next from being gullibly slugged by illicit drugs.

The limit of tolerance for the people of the valley is on the verge of its conclusion and indeed fed up from being the suffered commoners or victims from all dimensions and perspectives of issues like high inflations due to frequent economic blockades as if it is permissible by laws and fashionable; power system failure; corrupt administration and sick governance; fear psychosis possessed in the mind of people as an ill impact of peace talks and autonomy demands; predicament lives in the midst of grenades and IEDs (“if the commoners obtained grenades, to whom are they going to hurl back” is the crux of transformation); and the dark side of globalization and its impracticable gaps. Drawing from various angles and perspectives, a psychic embedded vision is sighted in people’s mind that the people of the valley or the so called Meiteis community is on the verge of its extinction turmoil by horrific issues and agendas and by analyzing its scale of engulfment it is indeed necessary for the Meiteis to be protected and preserved.

Recent surrender dramas and misguidance of gullible youths by taking advantage of unemployment issues causing demoralization of youths of the state is also another factor contributing to the race extinction. At which part of the sphere where we can find a harmonious place to settle and a blissful environment for the young kids to grow and nourish? As life devalues, the future generation will curse us for sure of being a mere mute spectator rather than shaping a safe environment for them to cherish during our time. There shall be no fate for the future generation to cherish but to live a vagabond life slugged by those drug invasions.

Finding a solution, the identities of the concealed high officials and political leaders who are involved in drug trafficking are in need to be exposed and shackled. Dwelling public property for self causes must be stopped at once. Government’s delay tactics, blame gaming, short term memory of the public, negligence in tackling issues and suppression of any uprising movements by compensating with a fistful of money, being mute spectators, starting of many uprisings with a bang but concluded with a whimper without proper settlements won’t bring any amicable solutions to resolve the languished issues of the state.

The Governor should intervene and extend his support beyond jurisdiction for the cause of humanity by ostracizing the involved politicians from partaking governance. A collaborative effort is necessary to bring forth amicable solutions against corruption and drug trafficking. Role of media should also be broaden its spectrum by conducting various sting operations against those corrupt leaders and exposing the hidden truths and scams to the public for spreading awareness and transformational changes. Let us pledge to transform our society from being a state of languish and superseded by the terror of drug invasion. Let us pledge to tackle the drug trafficking issues collectively and shackle those involved in such social offences.

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MTF and KEN-Manipur will work together to promote tourism in Manipur

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Members of Manipur Tourism Forum(MTF) and Knowledge Exchange Network(KEN)-Manipur had a meeting on 5th January 2013 at 5 pm in the Hotel Classic (Boardroom) and discussed various issues relating to the promotion tourism in Manipur. MTF members who attended the … Continue reading

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Members of Manipur Tourism Forum(MTF) and Knowledge Exchange Network(KEN)-Manipur had a meeting on 5th January 2013 at 5 pm in the Hotel Classic (Boardroom) and discussed various issues relating to the promotion tourism in Manipur.

MTF members who attended the meeting were Dr. Th Dhabali(President), Mr N Ibungochoubi(Vice President),Dr L Surjit(Vice President), Mr H Radhakrishna Sharma(Secretary),Mr Kh Krishnan Singh(Treasurer), Mr Santosh Shekhar, Mr Th Radheshyam Singh, Mr Babeshwar Singh, Mr W.Gokul Singh, Mr P.Kunjabihari, Mr Sommykanta Paonam and Mr Harjeet Sinam.

KEN-Manipur members who attended the meeting were Dr L. Jibonkumar Sharma, Mr Bishwajit Okram and Mr Kelvin Ashem.

MTF-KEN-meeting

Sitting Row ( L to R) : Mr Th Radheshyam Singh, Mr Kelvin(KEN) , Mr N,Ibungochoubi , Dr. Th.Dhabali(President-MTF), Mr Biswajit Okram(KEN) , Dr L.Jibonkumar Sharma (KEN)
Middle Row ( L to R): Dr L Surjit , Mr Babeshwar Singh, Mr W.Gokul Singh, Mr P.Kunjabihari, Mr H Radhakrishna Sharma(Secretary-MTF), Santosh Shekhar
Last Row (L to R: Kh Krishnan Singh(Treasurer-MTF) , Sommykanta Paonam , Harjeet Sinam

Both teams agreed to work together to promote tourism in Manipur. As tourists from Britain and Japan visit Manipur on a regular basis, KEN-Manipur will assist MTF in promoting Manipur in these countries by publicising the tourism potentials of the state and even organising road shows in near future.

Warm Regards,
Lakshmikant Laikangbam
KEN coordinator
Boston USA

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Mentor – The key to success of your career goal – Sapam Shyamananda

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For the youth in crossroads – students in high school, college & those who have recently started working. Many years back, when I attended the training on Coaching and Mentoring, I heard the word mentee for the first time. Mentee … Continue reading

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For the youth in crossroads – students in high school, college & those who have recently started working.

Many years back, when I attended the training on Coaching and Mentoring, I heard the word mentee for the first time. Mentee is the person who has a mentor assigned and is being groomed for a certain role in her current organization. In a typical organization with established HR policies, a mentor is assigned as a part of the career progression of selected high potential employees. US Marines returning from war zones are mentored by experts so that they can adapt faster in the normal society and their new jobs. A Mentor-mentee relationship automatically flourishes over time. Sometimes a mentor can also be the coach who can train the mentee on the desired skills. Research have shown that people with mentors are more successful in achieving their career goals.

Having decided to pursue Medicine as a career after Class XII, a student starts preparing for one of the toughest exams. Now how do one go about preparing for this exam. The simplest way for the student is to join a coaching institute or procure study materials through similar institutes. What if the student speaks to a senior who is currently studying a course in Medicine or is practicing Doctor? She will get many more ideas, suggestions and inputs of the way the preparation can be done. And what if the student speaks to the same senior on a regular basis right from preparation of the exam to even studying the course itself and above all the overall life of a Doctor’s profession. The knowledge of the student regarding his career goal will be far more and he can paint a mental picture having clarified all his doubts. This is what a mentoring process is all about. An experienced person in the field helping and guiding a junior who wants to pursue the same field. Same goes for other professions including Engineer, IAS Officer, Lawyer, Banker, Chartered Accountant, Air Hostess, Nurse, Physiotherapist, Fitness Trainer, Musician, Model, Journalist, Sportstar, Projects Managers, Management Consultants, Political & Social Leaders/Activist and the list goes on. While the student become much more aware of the profession she has chosen as her career, the mentor can even help in validating if the student has chosen a wrong career. Choosing the wrong career and not keeping options to fall back is a big mistake most youth commit today in our society.

Whether it is about a student not sure about her style of preparation for the board exam or a student not sure what subject to choose after Class XII, or someone looking for her first job or trying to achieve a higher role in her career, a mentor is the answer to many questions which arises in every stage of one’s career. Be it about building self esteem, maintaining positive attitude, clarifying doubts related to behavioral attributes, a mentor is someone whom you can walk up to so that you can have all your doubts cleared. A mentor may not have all the answers for you but she will fetch that information or show you the source where the information is available. Sometimes just talking to the mentor makes things clearer for the mentee. Mentoring even goes to the level of shaping a new CEO to be successful in his role.

Throughout my career counseling experience, what I have come across is that our youth today are not inquisitive enough about their dream careers. They seldom clarify their doubts in the early stages. This leads to frustrations and discontentment at the later stages of their lives. ‘I wish there was someone who could have guided me’ – is the standard line for those who have not manged to achieve their goals. And above all, I have come across many who claim they know everything and they think they do not require any help. Or let’s put it straight that there are many who believes that mentoring is not required at all or it is a sheer waste of time. This is a misconception and we need to overcome this myth. Many of us already have mentors in the form of parents, teachers and seniors who are helping us shape our careers. Trust me, even today, every time when I face challenges, I still look up to the same Leikai seniors whom I have been in touch with since my school days. And I also have my ex-boss who is my mentor and my good friend. Surprisingly, they seem to have gone through the same kind of challenges I face today and they are able to provide solutions based on what they have experienced. Beyond this, I have also managed to build mentors in the organisations that I have worked so far and social organisations I am attached with. These mentors have really helped me understand the legacy – social and political dynamics, and many behavioral changes that I need to undergo as I take up new roles in my professional and personal life.

So my beloved youth who are in the crossroads of your careers, there are many experienced seniors out there who are just waiting to be your mentors. Take the bold step today and connect with your mentor via e-mail, phone or a face-to-face interaction. Talk to them on a regular basis even when you do not have any questions. Meet them over a cup of green tea and build an ever lasting relationship with your mentor. Remember to find new mentors as you move ahead with your career. Your mentors will ultimately become your friend, your well wisher and above all a person who will guide you throughout your life.

Here’s wishing you success in your careers. Cheers!!

The author is a career counselor. With more than 13 years of corporate industry exposure, he has been engaged with student mentorship at MIMS, Manipur University. The author can be reached at career.wahang@gmail.com (Published in The Sangai Express Sunday edition 6-Jan-13.)

* The above article is being sent to KanglaOnline by Sapam Shyamananda

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KEN-Manipur delegate at Pravasi Bharatiya Divas(PBD) 2013 at Kochi, Kerala

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Parvasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD), the flagship event of the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, brings together the overseas Indian community over a three-day period from 7-9 January every year. PBD conventions are being held every year since 2003. The eleventh … Continue reading

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Parvasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD), the flagship event of the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, brings together the overseas Indian community over a three-day period from 7-9 January every year. PBD conventions are being held every year since 2003.

The eleventh Pravasi Bharatiya Divas convention is being held at Hotel Le Meridien, Kochi, Kerala, India in January 7-9, 2013.

This year Dayanidhi Huidrom will attend the convention.

Brief profile of Dayanidhi Huidrom:

Dayanidhi Huidrom at Pravasi Bharatiya Divas(PBD) 2013 at Kochi, Kerala

Dayanidhi Huidrom at Pravasi Bharatiya Divas(PBD) 2013 at Kochi, Kerala

Dayanidhi Huidrom completed his master (human nutrition) from University of Manitoba, Canada. He works in various organisations before joining University of Manitoba. He was a senior fellow of National innovation foundation. He was also with Manipur University as a junior research fellow. Besides science, he also has lot of interest in social entrepreneurism particularly in the field of agriculture and food. He also had his masters in food technology from Central Food Technological Research Institute, India. He now runs an NGO (Society for Agriculture, Food and Innovation). He may be joining University of Manitoba again to pursue PhD.

He is an active member of Knowledge Exchange Network(KEN) Manipur.

We have requested Overseas Indian Facilitation Center (OIFC) to facilitate meetings with concerned ministers/officers and Dayanidhi to discuss on topics related to socio-economic development of Manipur during the convention, memorandum related to the topics will also be submitted.

PBD 2013 details can be found at http://www.pbd-india.com

Thanks and Regards,
Lakshmikant Laikangbam
KEN coordinator
Boston, USA

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Observance of Minority Rights Day in Manipur: Pledge and Corollary

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Observance of Minority Rights Day in Manipur: Pledge and Corollary Dr. M. Bahar Ud Din Shah Manipur State Minorities Commission has been observing “Minorities Rights Day” on 18th December every year since its inception. The same day was observed for … Continue reading

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Observance of Minority Rights Day in Manipur:
Pledge and Corollary
Dr. M. Bahar Ud Din Shah

Manipur State Minorities Commission has been observing “Minorities Rights Day” on 18th December every year since its inception. The same day was observed for the same cause this year too (just a few days back) at Kangla Hall, Imphal which was attended by minority communities of the state such as Muslims, Meitei Christians, and Meitei Buddhists etc. along with Hon’ble Minister Agriculture and Fisheries, Janab Md. Abdul Nasir, Hon’ble Parliamentary Secretary MOBC & SC and Science and Technology, Janab Md. Amin Shah, Hon’ble MLA, Wabgai AC, Janab Md. Fajur Rahim and Hon’ble Chairperson Manipur State Minorities Commission, Janab Alhaj Abdul Halim Chowdhury, IAS (Retd.) etc. on the dias as dignitaries.

The most important goal of observance of Minorities Rights Day is to understand the rights of Minorities as well as to pursue inexorably with all efforts to fulfill these rights. Question here comes in mind was “Are Minorities Rights different from Human Rights?” Answer is definitely NO. Then why is Minorities Rights? Why a particular day is observed as Minorities Rights Day? Is it not something that the minorities are illtreated, discriminated, abused, disgraced and sidelined by refusing their due human rights and at the same time pursuing them by offering some sweet candy to appease and to take part in nation building. If due human rights are given to all section of the society regardless of any majority of minority, no such separate rights need to be offered. But it seems to be the need of the hour if you see the present scenario where the social, economic and educational statuses of the minorities which are pathetic, horrible and deplorable.

The promotion and protection of the rights of persons belonging to such minorities whether it is defined by less in numbers or by their social status, contribute to the political and social stability of the state in which they live. Meeting their aspirations and ensuring their rights acknowledge the dignity and equality of all individuals and further participatory development. This in turn contributes to the lessening of tensions among groups and individuals. These factors are major determinants for stability and peace. Thus the faith and confidence of the minorities in the functioning of the State in an impartial manner is an acid test of its being just a State.

There is a need to introspect about the status of Minority rights in India in general and Manipur in particular. Minority right is a concept which was founded on the democratic norms. That was only on 18th December, 1992, the United Nations (UN), with an aim of safety, security, promotion, protection and development of the status and rights of minorities which not only less in numbers but also a weaker section of the society, had affirmed the “Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities”. Since then, the day has been observing every year throughout the world as ‘Minorities Rights Day’. The global community through UN has tried to evolve the norms for these rights for all the people of the world. One can surely say that the status of the democracy of a country can be judged by the status of minority, particularly the religious minorities and weaker sections of society. On that scale of 20 years of declaration of Minority Rights, the implementation of these rights if not formulation, most obviously we in Manipur are lagging far behind in this direction.

It is a known fact that Manipur State Minorities Commission was constituted by an executive order of the Govt. of Manipur on 20th February, 2004 as One Man Commission with Janab Alhaj Abdul Halim Choudhury Shahib, IAS (Retd.) as the Chairperson of the Commission. Terms of reference of the Commission, as mentioned in its Annual Report, 2010-11, were:
• To evaluate the working of the various safeguards provided in the Constitution and in the laws passed by the State Legislature.
• To make recommendations with a view to ensuring effective implementation and enforcement of all the safeguards.
• To undertake a review of the implementation of policies and schemes of the State Government with respect to minorities.
• To suggest to the State Government appropriate legal and welfare measures in respect of minorities.
• To study and other matter which, in the opinion of the Commission is important from the point of view of the welfare and development of minorities and make appropriate recommendations.
• To undertake a review of the implementation of the PM’s 15 Point Programme.
• To consider the grievances of the minorities and suggest appropriate solution from time to time,
• To make periodical reports to the State Government at prescribed interval etc.
Every effort has been made to give the Commission a statutory status and now it gains its goal after the Manipur State Minorities Commission Bill 2010 passed by the State Legislative Assembly on 29th June, 2010. It is a good thing that such a Commission was constituted and came into being on 20th February, 2004 and is one of the very few in the country (not all the states have their minority commission). Manipur State Minorities Commission is now functioning as three member commission with a Chairman and two members represented from different minority communities of the state and is being administered with the help of a Secretary on deputation basis. Commission loads so much of work to be done with less no. of staffs and “ludicrous powers”. I said ludicrous power with much emphasize even after having statutory status because of its nature of function with seemingly no such power to implement, monitor and review the welfare schemes of minorities. Letters and recommendations are kept on sending to the concerned ministers and bureaucrats but hardly any action is seen in and out. Does the Commission ever relook any of its recommendations made and know the status? Very few of it might have been ignited but contemptible.
Let us not forget that the Indian Constitution is also committed to the equality of citizens and the responsibility of the State to preserve, protect and assure the rights of minorities in matters of language, religion and culture. That is why our national leaders while framing the Constitution, emphasized the doctrine of unity in diversity.

As democracy is a game of numbers, the numerically weaker sections of the citizenry in any society may and often do get marginalized by the majority. In such a situation legal protection from the hegemony and preponderance of the majority community becomes a pressing need of the religious Minorities as a whole, and not just that of the ‘backward’ sections among them. To provide such necessary protection by law we do have in the Constitution a Directive Principle of State Policy, Article 46, which speaks of “weaker sections of the people” – notably without subjecting them to the condition of backwardness – and mandates the State to “promote with special care” the educational and economic interests of such sections.

Last year in the Kangla Hall when the same day observance was held, the Hon’ble Chief Minister emphasized on strengthening and capacity building by employing more staffs including a permanent Secretary of the Commission. Two years back on the very date at G. M. Hall, Imphal, the then Hon’ble Minister of Education who was the Chief Guest of the function assured the audience that the budget earmarked has been made to establish model girls schools at muslim inhabited sites. Indeed, any of those assurances given are hardly seen in reality.

This year too, reluctantly yet meticulously, the members on the dias quoted certain achievements of the Government over and above Minority Community in the recent past and highlighted the areas to be addressed to start with. Let us see how much of their assurance is going to be ignited.

Adding to the terms of references made while constituting the Commission, it is necessary to bestow more powers to the Commission while delivering their functions. Some of the steps needs to be taken with immediate effect are,
• Increase the no. of supporting staffs, Research cum Documentation Cell may be opened for effective implementation of the welfare schemes. Permanent Research Staffs should be appointed.
• Commission should be associated with the state Government in the formulation of Minorities specific Plan Proposals and Schemes.
• Commission should also be granted the power of follow up action and enquiry of its recommendations made.
• Legal Status to the PM’s 15 Point Program so as to enable effective implementations and achieving the desired goals.
• Power to implement, monitor and review the schemes free handed especially under Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Program.

As the processes of economic development unfold, pressures are likely to build up and intensify when there is unequal development and some groups or minorities lag behind in the development process. Ideally, development processes should remove or reduce economic and social obstacles to cooperation and mutual respect among all groups in the society. If development processes are misdirected, they may have the ill effect. It is this aspect which is important and needs to be addressed so as to give confidence to minorities.

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Why women are subordinate

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The most happiest and painful moment of women is delivery, no man ever on earth can tolerate such moment. A single mother is capable of spending the whole night with her new born baby and raise their children moreover make … Continue reading

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The most happiest and painful moment of women is delivery, no man ever on earth can tolerate such moment. A single mother is capable of spending the whole night with her new born baby and raise their children moreover make them a well being in the society. Every child starts their beginning holding the fingure of their mother they are everything to children, friend, mentor and governance etc. Women have the power to raise somebody’s spirit and also they are enclosing with the courage to crush.

Therefore women have been considering as Nature and Motherland, women are women whether they are born in different places of the world with different culture and social norms. However when we look intently to Manipur the bravery and sacrifice of Manipuri women are notable since. During several social conflict and dispute they lead and struggle against their enemy, holding “MEIRA” in their hand. At night they walk around for the safeguard of Manipur. They fought against the Indian Army for their disgraceful act, rape and brutal killing of innocent life, the dilemma seems lessen but the existing burning issues of raping our native girls and women by our own brothers has been ever-increasing. Regrettably, our own brothers who are believe to set aside for the safe guard of their own sisters’ rape their sisters.

Every time we found such horrifying incident on newspapers further we have heard about women trafficking women and girls, father rape daughter and rape by the police personal. Numerous numbers of rapes are happening and nearly all the victims are lower class family and domestic helper who do not have support and financial independent. Taking the advantages of these weaknesses the pitiable girls and women often becomes quarry, sex toys of men and social material. Shamefully, so far we haven’t get any clear information and justice concerning the punishment of rapist and the perpetrator. The entire stories are concealed and envelope by the absolute power. These obviously exhibit the political favoritism and nepotism of Manipur. Yet again the issue of persecution, betrayal of trust and denial of husband property by the husband family members are also one of the main issues in day to day life of a woman.

In view of all the issues exceedingly, it shows that the present youth have forgotten the beauty of togetherness, unity and love that prevailed in our antecedents. Is this the character of civilization, sign of development or the emblem of fraternity? Ever since, women have been coercion despite the fact that they are stronger than men. “Women the hearth men the warrior, women the needle and men the sword” is a very inspiring proverb and I have seen much women cook food on cooking gas, sewing cloths and even nude protest in front of “KANGLA” against Indian Army. At the same time I have seen a large numbers of men who ever work hard to feed their wife and children neither strongly oppose to this wicked ruling government. They only keep fit their rights but exploiting the rights of their wives and children and occasionally if a man helping the domestic chores of his wife at that moment the beautiful people will tag him as “HENPACK”. If women have the strength to shout and challenge their enemy then, why men can’t cook for their children and wife? If women can bear the harsh summer sun in selling vegetables then why men can’t fetch water in winter? Now, this is the right time to question whether women should be the hearth or warrior or men the hearth or warrior? Women’s climbing trees is a taboo in Manipuri culture believes that there would be no fruits or the fruit shall be crack. And if trees are not bearing fruit then again they wrap phanek at the trunks. This clearly proof that women are use as an arrays of tools for development and progress at the same time they are also subjugate by many outward indulgence and unfounded belief.

The societies are not acknowledged and count their contribution this is why number of sexual based gender crime has been increasing every day. I have a doubt there has been no such huge agitation on the subject of TG student rape incident. Was she not a woman? However today I have seen nearly all the people of Manipur are on the road shouting for Momoko’s justice in the spotlight of tear gas and blank fire.

The Words of Lemuel

31:1 The words of King Lemuel, 1

an oracle 2 that his mother taught him:

31:2 O 3 my son, O son of my womb,

O son 4 of my vows,

31:3 Do not give your strength 5 to women,

nor your ways 6 to that which ruins 7 kings.

31:4 It is not for kings, 8 O Lemuel,

it is not for kings to drink wine, 9

or for rulers to crave strong drink, 10

31:5 lest they drink and forget what is decreed,

and remove 11 from all the poor 12 their legal rights. 13

31:6 Give strong drink to the one who is perishing, 14

and wine to those who are bitterly distressed; 15

31:7 let them 16 drink and forget 17 their poverty,

and remember their misery no more.

31:8 Open your mouth 18 on behalf of those unable to speak, 19

for the legal rights of all the dying. 20

31:9 Open your mouth, judge in righteousness, 21

and plead the cause 22 of the poor and needy.

Santa khurai

Secy:All Manipur Nupi Maanbi Association (AMANA)

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Musings of A Desperate Dreamer in Exile: Eche Sharmila, Where Is My Home Place?

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Musings of A Desperate Dreamer in Exile Eche Sharmila, Where Is My Home Place? Dr. P. M. Soibam, MD (Medicine) Senior Resident (Medicine) AIIMS, New Delhi dr.pmsoibam@gmail.com Eche Sharmila, it has been twelve long years of fasting. It needs a … Continue reading

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Musings of A Desperate Dreamer in Exile
Eche Sharmila, Where Is My Home Place?
Dr. P. M. Soibam, MD (Medicine)
Senior Resident (Medicine)
AIIMS, New Delhi
dr.pmsoibam@gmail.com

Eche Sharmila, it has been twelve long years of fasting. It needs a lot of selfless dedication to the cause. However, it is time you did some introspection as to why you have not succeeded and will probably never succeed on your own. Is it the emptiness? Or, the incoherence? As many learned members of the society have already pointed out, we need to look at the problem as a whole. It would be futile to concentrate mind and energy—let alone life–to a single aspect of the problem. Terrorism and AFSPA have to be viewed together. There should be no mistake about it. Unfortunately Eche, you do not appear to have ever spared a thought on terror syndicates that many, including myself, feel have incarcerated the state much like the way an untreated cancer does to the human body.

7Light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel_-Its-very-dark

Light at the end of the tunnel – it’s very dark

Read the full article in the attached PDF file

 

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One day hand on training on Mapping Manipur using Google Mapmaker Institute of Co-operative Management(ICM), Lamphelpat

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One day hand on training on Mapping Manipur using Google Mapmaker Institute of Co-operative Management(ICM),Lamphelpat – A report Aeroshil Nameirakpam One Day workshop cum hands on training on “Manipur Mapup’ was held on Thursday, 22nd Nov. 2012 at the Conference … Continue reading

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One day hand on training on Mapping Manipur using Google Mapmaker Institute of Co-operative Management(ICM),Lamphelpat – A report
Aeroshil Nameirakpam

One Day workshop cum hands on training on “Manipur Mapup’ was held on Thursday, 22nd Nov. 2012 at the Conference Hall of the Institute of Co-operative Management (ICM), Imphal (under the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Co-operative , Government of India and National Council of Cooperative Training, New Delhi). The workshop was attended by about 200 participants who took active participation in learning the new technology and contributed in updating their local knowledge to Google Maps. This workshop was organized jointly by the students of MIMS, Manipur University and ICM, Imphal. It was the follow up of Google Mapmaker, Manipur mapping event which was organized jointly by the Bioinformatics Infrastructure Facility, Life Sciences, Department Manipur University and MIMS, M.U which was held on 22nd Oct., 2012.

One day hand on training on Mapping Manipur using Google Mapmaker Institute of Co-operative Management(ICM),Lamphelpat

One day hand on training on Mapping Manipur using Google Mapmaker Institute of Co-operative Management(ICM),Lamphelpat

In his address as Chief Guest, Prof. N. Irabanta Singh, Dean, School of life sciences, Manipur University quoted important points from the article “Discovery – New Routs – mapmaking for the people by the people” published in the Time of India (Hyderbad) 10th Nov., 2012 issue by Javad Anwar. Prof. Singh also thanks MIMS students under the guidance of Dr. Jibonkumar Sharma for organizing such an event. He also remarked that if proper guidance and leadership were provided to the students , they can achieve success in any initiative.Such an event is a perfect example of co-ordination between motivated students studying in Manipur and nonresident Manipuri’s living in different cities across India and abroad to bring about some positive change and for socio economic development of Manipur. Prof. Singh appealed to the participants that in the age of information technology you are to think globally and act locally for your motherland.
In his speech as Guest of honor, Dr. L. Jibonkumar Sharma, Director (i/c), Manipur Institute of Management Studies, M.U. emphasized the role of Information Technology and computer application in the present day Technology world. Dr. Sharma appreciated the initiative taken by the members of Manipuri Diaspora for taking lead role for uploading Google Map Making and Manipur Map which was volunteered by his students from MIMS. He further acknowledged the contribution of KEN, NAMA and EMA for their interest in organizing such an event.

In his presidential address, Dr. Kh. Somorandro Singh Director, ICM, Imphal expresses his appreciation to the student of MIMS, M.U. for organizing such an event. He also appealed to his faculty members to make good usage of the technology for its probable application in the Co-operative management. The inaugural function was closed with a vote thank from the ICM faculty member.

One day hand on training on Mapping Manipur using Google Mapmaker Institute of Co-operative Management(ICM)

One day hand on training on Mapping Manipur using Google Mapmaker Institute of Co-operative Management(ICM)

This event was the first of the 3 events proposed to be organized by students of MIMS. The other two events will be organized in National Institute of Technology (NIT) and Manipur Institute of Technology (MIT), Manipur.

The writer is an IT Professional based in California, USA and he can be reached at aeroshil@gmail.com

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Shame to India’s AFSPA-1958

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Sixty five (65) years passed since India regains freedom from British. Nevertheless, the remnant of the past empire still exists in the form of mental slavery and felony such as the sport-cricket, divide and rule, defeat using own family members, … Continue reading

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Sixty five (65) years passed since India regains freedom from British. Nevertheless, the remnant of the past empire still exists in the form of mental slavery and felony such as the sport-cricket, divide and rule, defeat using own family members, make acts and rules to suppress, hang to death or shoot-at-sight if troublesome. Mentally, India is still enslaved with no remorse to modernize from the imperialistic views. Until today, the colonialism principles taught by the empire are more or less applied in India, little might have change been brought, but it was mainly by agitations and blockades! The dubious distinction of India to be a racist country is fast perpetuating. Whatever it may be; racism is for oblivious. The sensitive issue is that India is still to understand the distinct cultures, traditions, habitats and the values of life in the Northeast (NE) region.

The capitalism and economic crisis in the NE are poorly understood by the people of the States and the Center. NE States are losing miserably in the present world economical war. At this juncture, our excellent brains are hiding underground in the diseases infested jungles of Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar and Nepal. The collective knowledge and skills of our brethren’s in jungles, if combined together, can revitalize the downtrodden States of NE to a brand-new height, which the world will recognize it as a unique and culturally rich society of the New World. But the sad part is our government’s tendencies to look myopically the NE people to be like Iraqi, Pakistani, Palestinian, Taliban, or just a buffer zone to any foreign invasion–solely in its endeavor to become superpower. Of course, the adopted colonial centric draconian acts like Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA)-1958, which gives full impunity to the armed forces to kill, maim or arbitrary detention and torture of merely suspected person is becoming a hurdle to the country’s dream for superpower. Life is not just to ‘live and die’, but it also has a meaning to ‘perform and prosper’ in a cordial manner, to become a superpower.

Recollecting the battles and wars won by guns and swords, which always boomerang with times, the invaders invariably fall down to the knee. Be it the mighty Greek, the Roman, the British or the Nazis all falls with time. There is nothing like big or small in nature. The ecological system of nature taught us that every organism and non-living things are in dynamical interactions in an intrinsic manner. A little disturbance in the system will make the system collapse. Thus, every individual, community or population is more or less essential to interact as a functional unit. Jim Corbett in his book entitled, “Man-eaters of Kumaon”, rightly indicated that the incapacitated tigress, wounded by the poachers/hunters became a man-eater. Human is a social animal, an injured family’s mother, father, brother or sister can do anything to protect her/his offspring/family and for survival. The rule is, “if someone hurts somebody, hundreds and thousands will appear, to hurt someone”. This is nature’s law. A prolong suppression or oppression of an individual, community or population, will ultimately be a detrimental scenario in the long run. A synonymous situation of Corbett’s Man-eaters, are in the making.

The young generations of India believed that “rules are made for fools” and “justice in the barrel of a loaded gun” will never bring peace and tranquility. Therefore, humane acts, laws, policies and rules, not for fools, are sought after. The law makers earlier, failed to sincerely-study the root cause of ‘who, how and why’ the so-called ‘anti-social elements’ are created, produced or perpetuated within the country itself. Is it the laws and policies of our country: ineffective or inadequate that so many anti-social elements are produced and mushrooming? Don’t we have any other means to control or pacify the militants? Are we at the receiving-end to control our children, therefore, providing the armed forces the special powers to shoot-at-sight their own brothers? The answer is: our borrowed laws and policies needs to be discarded and new ones to be formed, framed and implemented. Geographically, NE region is also in a vulnerable location connected to mainland India by a narrow strip of chicken-necked land and if broken, India will become like headless nation!

Unlike other terrorists, the insurgents of NE never disturbed the serenity of the mainland India. However, most of them (if not all) are fighting for their recognitions, identities, anti-corruptions, anti-drugs, territorial integrity, developments, fundamental rights, etc. in their own homes, States and region. Their desires cannot be suppressed at gun points, but it can be won by social, economic and honest developmental transformations. The subversive activities by the rebels, which is making their lives and common people suffers from all possible malice, can always be resolved through sincere and humane political dialogues. Do we need AFSPA-1958 here?

It is also pertinent to mention that our borrowed acts and policies, despairingly metamorphosed or tagged, the majority of the young NE people to be like terrorists, militants, savages, loose characters in the eyes of the mainland inhabitants. This further alienates, deprives, discriminates or hampered the people to live freely, study or get job in other States of India. The prejudice in giving justice to the twelve years hunger strike by Miss Irom Sarmila Chanu is another example of discrimination by this act. Thus, the differentiation created between the people of this region and rest of India owing to draconian acts, furthermore, brought hatreds and racisms to our country men and can be termed as the most pathetic mistakes of the past.

In a nutshell, if unwanted colonialist styles of acts/rules are not changed within the State/s and the Center, then the Government of India is indirectly influencing to create a modern Indian National Army (INA) to fight against them. History repeats itself! The endangered innocent civilians, who are wronged by the name of ‘disturbed area’, will live underground, someday. Entirely, the role of AFSPA at the present scenario, seems to be only for protecting the conniving politicians, corrupt officials, greedy businessmen, dictatorial radicals, who consciously believed in preserving their name, fame, land, money and whose intention is to make the country fall. These sections of society may always “sworn to fun and loyal to none”, and their credentials of loyalty to the nation is debatable. To save their bottom from exposing, they need a sweeping act to react against what they called ‘anti-social elements’. Our ‘Jawans’ who should be well equipped/protected with sophisticated weapons, vehicles, armors, surveillances and military fatigues to combat the militants/terrorists are rather equipped and protected by the vintage style acts and laws. Hence, implementing AFSPA-1958 for safeguarding them is a gross mistake to India’s economy, development and human rights and a shameful act to the rest of the world.

Khwairakpam Gajananda (PhD)
E-mail: gajkh@yahoo.com

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Alternative arrangement for nagas of Manipur

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The nagas had been one people from time unmemorable. The first mention of the nagas in our present place of domicile was made by Claudius Ptolemy, Alexandrian astronomer and geographer in the first century B.C. He referred to our areas … Continue reading

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The nagas had been one people from time unmemorable. The first mention of the nagas in our present place of domicile was made by Claudius Ptolemy, Alexandrian astronomer and geographer in the first century B.C. He referred to our areas as being inhabited by people who were naked or with little attire. That the nagas had established their settlement, land, customs and usages at their area of domicile continuously for more than 2000 years is proof that the nagas were great warriors and resilient defenders of their land. Nagas were also peaceful and co-operative people living in harmony with each other. Every naga village was a sovereign village state in itself except in some ranges especially among the konyak tribe whose chiefs or Anghs dominated and ruled over several villages which was mostly for common defence strategy.

The nagas were a hard working and diligent people. They were self-sufficient and so had no reason to venture far from their home turf. This attitude, in retrospect, was also the cause of their many misfortunes in the future. Many of the ills the nagas suffered are attributed to many political decisions taken behind their back. For the nagas except for some salt expeditions and hunting expeditions there was hardly any interaction with the outside world. They lived under set norms and practices in public life yet had very high degree of personal freedom. Any crime big or small was promptly dealt with under an efficient customary law system and there was a great sense of safety and social security. This Utopian system of life gave little reason for anyone to move out of the circle of his village or tribe and kept the nagas in isolation from the outside world.

The first interaction between the nagas and the Meitei people was not on mutual reciprocal basis but a one sided intrusion from the meiteis.The meiteis were in Manipur which in those days meant only the present valley area.The sana leibak , the valley area was the Manipur of the Mahabharat according to the Brahmins from Puri which the king completely believed . In the Khomjon War of 1891 the British army inflicted a resounding defeat to the Raja of Manipur and annexed his territory and was made to pay an annual tribute of Rs.300000/- (Rupees Three lacs only) to the British crown. The king pleaded with the conquerors that the tax was enormous and that he be allowed to raise some tax from the surrounding hill areas. The British Government gave a reluctant but tacit approval to the request. This arrangement was made without the knowledge of the hill people.It was just a greedy nexus between the British and the raja.
Thereafter every year the Manipuri king sent his army of horsemen and footmen armed with muskets to forcefully collect an annual household tax from every village. The naga villages were few and far in between and the rajas army was well-armed and well manned. The villagers had little option but to pay up or face dire consequences. This levy was not a tax of the ruler on its subjects, it was just plain extortion under threat to life. This army was also more than willing to apply force against any village that resisted in which case the village would be looted and its members massacared as a lesson. The nagas being not very familiar with muskets or gun powder, in those days, the raiding parties took maximum advantage of the situation. This was also true of the other tribal areas.

This annual foray was the only interaction between the kingdom of Manipur which was the valley area alone and the people in the adjacent hill areas. The hill areas were however, never governed by the king of Manipur. He neither tried to nor ever wished to govern the hill areas. For him, these were just an area where he freely extorted money. Towards the end of the nineteenth century it became convenient for this marauding army to give Manipuri names to the villages in the hill areas. The ridiculous Meitei names thus allocated bore no meaning to hill people.

However, this act of naming villages presumably for the accounting reasons provided an opportunity to the raja which was irresistible. A sinister and deliberate plot was hatched and the adjacent hill areas used solely for extortion were surreptitiously shown as an extended part of Manipur bearing Meitei names. This was done without the knowledge or involvement of the nagas or the other hill peoples. In due course of time the western and northern boundary of Zeliangrong became Manipur boundary with Assam and Nagaland respectively instead of the foothills of the valley. The Senapati tribe boundary lands became Manipur boundary with the Angami and Chakesang tribes of Nagaland. Similarly, the land of the tribes of Ukhrul, Chandel and Churachanpur were claimed/included surreptitiously as the outer part of Manipur.

The raja however continued to rule only the valley area and the administration of the hill areas was continuously under the British crown. In fact, before the British administration departed from Manipur, under their guidance a draft constitution for Manipur was made in 1949. In the draft constitution there was a clause which stated that the state of Manipur will comprise of the valley of Manipur and the adjoining hill areas for 10(ten)years. After the expiry of ten years the hill areas may secede from Manipur if they so desire. Mr. Daiho and Mr. Tiankham objected to the period of ten years insisting that is should be reduced to five years. If the agreement had been approved as proposed and if the tribals representatives had not walked out what would have been our position are now in the annals of the ifs and buts of history . This however was probably was the first official endeavour to legitimise and to establish the state of Manipur, temporary however it may be.

I am emphasising and bringing out these points, because of late the territorial integrity of Manipur state appear to have become a bigger issue than the naga solution in the eyes of the Government of India even though the existence of Manipur as a state was ambiguous as late as 1949, long after independence of India. The naga peace talks that were to be held without pre-conditions appear to be coming up with more and more conditions as the years pass by. For more than fifteen years the government led the nagas on as though the naga solution was in next bend down the road. Is the Government of India going to mislead the nagas on and on while they go about diluting the aspirations of the naga people till there would be nothing left to discuss about? We have to be very realistic and seriously ponder upon this.
I had written earlier that if the nagas are not at peace, the entire north-east region will not be at peace, and if the north-east region is not at peace, the rest of India cannot be at peace. The government had recently stated that the Chinese and ISI elements are fomenting unrest in the region. A stable North-East is the best defence for the country and the right step in that direction is to resolve the naga conflict without further loss of time. Prolonging the issue will only further alienate the people of the region.
It is but natural for a people to aspire to stay together under one administrative unit. They must, there is no harm in that. What is appalling, however, is the steadfast manner in which the India politicians and bureaucrats keep parroting at every fora that the territorial integrity of Manipur cannot be compromised. What prompted them to sing this chorus everytime? Such acts by the Prime Minister and his colleagues from time to time and recently by the government of India and the government of Manipur at the Tri-partite talks with UNC tantamount to disrespect and insult to Indian parliament and Indian constitution. They cannot put an embargo on an issue which purely is the prerogative of parliament and guaranteed by the Indian Constitution.

Article 3 of the Indian Constitution states that:
Parliament may by law,

a) Form a new state by separation of territory from any state or by uniting two or more states or by uniting any territory to a part of any state.
b) Increase the area of any state.
c) Diminish the area of any state.
d) Alter the boundaries of any state.
e) Alter the name of any state.

The bill for the same, requires the recommendations of the President of India to parliament. (The President prior to that will seek the view of the state(s) likely to be affected in the process. Within a period of 30(thirty) days. The President ,however,may or may not abide by the views of the state legislatures, so ascertained nor is he bound by number of days so provided for the legislatures).

When parliament has been provided with such leverage is matters concerning boundaries or creation of states, politicians and bureaucrats have no business of pre-empting parliament and deny the people their constitutional rights.

Secondly , every state in the country, each and everyone of them, had territories added or taken out since independence. Vast tracks of land of Assam had been ceded to Bhutan and erstwhile East Pakistan even after independence without the Indian Parliament passing an amendment to the constitution which was a prerequisite. The amendment was passed more than a decade laterin 1961 after Supreme Court intervened. Meghalaya, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram were formed out of Assam.Did anybody big or small ever mentioned or spoken about Assam’s territorial integrity then or now?Then why has the Government taken such a diametrically opposite stand as regards Manipur? What is the motive? The year 1949 saw a lot of inter state adjustments when the states and provinces of pre-independent India were re-arranged into A,B,C and D states categories. The States Re-organisation Act of 1956 re0organised the state boundaries further into states and union territories based on “linguistic and local demands.” This continued after 1956. In 1959 transfer of territories between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, Andhra and Tamil Nadu took place. In 1960 Bombay Presidency was bifurcated into Maharastra and Gujarat. Nagaland was created from Assam in 1962 and in the 70’s Arunnachal, Meghalaya and Mizoram were created. In the year 2000, Chhattisgarh, Uttaranchal and Jharkhand were created out of Madhya Pradesh, U.P and Bihar respectively. Now Telangana is poised to happen any time in the near future.

In this background is it not relevant to question why the territorial integrity of Manipur is so sacrosanct in the eyes of the Government of India? What is the motive behind it? Recently the Prime Minister of India had stated, alluding to the integration of the contiguous naga inhabited areas that what was not possible in one hundred years will not be possible in another hundred years. My question to the Prime Minister will be , what has happened to the rest of the country over and over in the last hundred years and will happen again and again in the next hundred years – not possible for the naga people? What prompted this consistent denial to us?

Just before the last elections Shri Ibobi Singh was the most hated chief minister in Manipur’s entire history. He even promoted a local party which put up candidates against official Congress party candidates who would not tow his line. Such was his precarious condition that he wantonly went against his own party and partymen. Then all of a sudden on 3rd Dec 2011 Dr Manmohan Singh happened. The Prime Minister that day declared the territorial integrity of Manipur will be protected. Overnight O. Ibobi turned into majority Ibobi. Was it appropriate for the Prime Minister to have made such a pronouncement while the negotiation to bring about peaceful solution to the Indo-Naga conflict was going on? Only time will tell.

From the utterances of the Prime Minister and his collegues, we can only draw the conclusion that the naga cause and naga aspirations had been misused and abused to gain political mileage for the congress party. Both Ibobi and Tarun Gogoi were notorious for sponsoring extra judicial killings and fake encounters. They had been alienated from the people at the grassroot level. But by raising a bogey of fears, while delaying the solution to the naga problem, the congress party has ensured maximum political mileage in the three states of Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh.

Our naga political leaders have also not been blameless. In fact they have become stumbling blocks to the naga people. After getting elected and on reaching Imphal or New Delhi they forget their people and the ones who elected them. At the no-confidence motion against UPA I in July 2008, our MP declared in Parliament that he will vote against the motion in support of UPA because the congress party had assured him that the party will reconsider its stand on protecting the territorial integrity of Manipur. Madam Sonia Gandhi, Manmohan singh, Pranab Mukherjee and the entire cabinet and treasury benches vigorously thumped their desks in parliament in appreciation and agreement. But nothing happened thereafter. There were rumours flying thick and fast that thirty pieces of silver changed hands. Whatever it was, a fine opportunity of a lifetime to further the cause of naga aspirations was lost.

The Government of India and the Government of Manipur seem to have developed an allergy to the term ‘naga integration’.The nagas of Manipur modified their demand to Alternative Arrangement for the naga people of manipur. Initially the alternative arrangement proposed no specific demand except the declaration that the present arrangement, the present dispensation (and the present system of government) was no more acceptable to the naga people. This followed a paradigm shift in the mindset of the naga people, an attempt to reach out to the other communities especially the Meitei people. The arrangement was envisaged to be an interim or temporary arrangement till the final settlement of the naga issue with the Government of India. It was an exercise in mending fences with our neighbours. In the first tripartite talks when Shombu Singh representing Government of India asked Mr. Sword Vashum, Chairman Alternative Arrangement Committee what alternative arrangement was, he reportedly replied “you tell us.” That was the epitome of what the alternative arrangement was all about. It meant we are of an open mind, we are willing to listen to and consider any proposal or suggestion, tell us what you have in mind, we have no fixed mindset on the matter. It was a positive signal to other communities that that the nagas are willing to sit down and discuss, sort out differences where it exists, build bridges and mend fences. In other words even one state two people, one state two administrations, nagas were willing to listen. The Government of Manipur and the Valley Civil societies appear to have not visualise beyond the tripartite talks and a great opportunity was missed. The UNC now appear to be more focussed on separate state. But let no one raise their finger at the naga people to say that nagas had not extended their hand in friendship..

The founding fathers of our nation Shri Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime minister of India and Shri. G.B. Patel the iron man of India and the first Home minister of India has this to say regarding the aspirations of the naga people.On 13th May 1956 Nehru wrote a secret personal letter to CM Medhi Chief Minister of Assam.“One of their grievances is that under the constitution we have split them up in different political areas. Whether it is possible or desirable to bring them together again is for us to consider. Also what measure of autonomy we should give them so that they can lead their own lives without any sensation of interferences.”In 1961 Shri. G.B. Pant the then Home Minister of India stated that “Frankly ………. disintegration of present Manipur would be an inevitable process and naturally the naga would have to join their nagas and if they so choose even the kukis too should be given, as far as geographical position permits the choice to join the mizos who are more akin to the kukis…..”

Naga people must have a complete state of its own so as to better preserve their culture, tradition, customary ways of the Naga people.The naga people share a common vision of this which is a completely legimate aspiration and the position of Manipur’s sentiments has no locus standi on the topic. Indian states have been bifurcated or added to on several occasions in the past based on “ linguistic and local demands” alone. Our aspirations are just and guaranteed by the Indian Constitution and Indian Parliament had set so many precedents in the past while disposing such just demands of the people.It won’t be long before the naga peoples demand and dreams are fulfilled because the Government of India will have no alternative but to concede to the just demands of the naga people.

Puni Modoli.
Dimapur.
Punimodoli@gmail.com

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